p o l i t i c s  

To be without wisdom or reason
is both unwise and unreasonable.

If men 
through fear, fraud or mistake, 
should in terms renounce 
and give up any essential natural right, 
the eternal law of reason 
and the great end of society, 
would absolutely vacate such renunciation; 
the right to freedom 
being the gift of God Almighty, 
it is not in the power of Man 
to alienate this gift, 
and voluntarily become a slave. 
If there is a form 
of government, 
whose principle 
and foundation 
is virtue, 
will not every 
sober man 
acknowledge it 
better calculated 
to promote the 
general happiness 
than any other form? 
A constitution founded on these principles 
introduces knowledge among the people, 
and inspires them with a conscious dignity 
becoming freemen; 
a general emulation takes place, 
which causes good humor, sociability, 
good manners, and good morals to be general. 
That elevation of sentiment 
inspired by such a government, 
makes the common people brave and enterprising. 
That ambition which is inspired by it 
makes them sober, industrious, and frugal. 
Government is instituted for the common good; 
for the protection, safety, prosperity, and happiness of the people; 
and not for profit, honor, or private interest of any one man, family, or class of men; 
therefore, the people alone have an incontestable, unalienable, and indefeasible right 
to institute government; and to reform, alter, or totally change the same, 
when their protection, safety, prosperity, and happiness require it. 
Our principles are founded 
on the immovable basis 
of equal right and reason.
It is to secure our 
rights that we resort 
to government at all.
Can the liberties of a nation 
be thought secure when we 
have removed their only firm basis, 
a conviction in the minds of the people 
that these liberties are of the gift of God
~ not to be violated but with His wrath?
The principles of 
government are founded 
in the rights of man.
No man has a natural right 
to commit aggression on 
the equal rights of another, 
and this is all from which 
the laws ought to restrain him
The most sacred of duties 
of a government 
is to do equal 
and impartial justice 
to all its citizens.

Declaration of Independence
The unanimous Declaration
of the thirteen united States of America

When in the Course of human events it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. — That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, — That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security. — Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world.

He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.

He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.

He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.

He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their Public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.

He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people.

He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected, whereby the Legislative Powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within.

He has endeavoured to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands.

He has obstructed the Administration of Justice by refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary Powers.

He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries.

He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harass our people and eat out their substance.

He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislatures.

He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil Power.

He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation:

For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us:

For protecting them, by a mock Trial from punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States:

For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world:

For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent:

For depriving us in many cases, of the benefit of Trial by Jury:

For transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended offences:

For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these Colonies

For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Governments:

For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.

He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection and waging War against us.

He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.

He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to compleat the works of death, desolation, and tyranny, already begun with circumstances of Cruelty & Perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the Head of a civilized nation.

He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to bear Arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands.

He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions.

In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A Prince, whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people.

Nor have We been wanting in attentions to our British brethren. We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred. to disavow these usurpations, which would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends.

We, therefore, the Representatives of the United States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States, that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do. — And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor.

The U.S. Constitution
~ Preamble ~
We the People
of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
~ Articles ~

Article I - The Legislative Branch Section 1 - The Legislature Section 2 - The House Section 3 - The Senate Section 4 - Elections, Meetings Section 5 - Membership, Rules, Journals, Adjournment Section 6 - Compensation Section 7 - Revenue Bills, Legislative Process, Presidential Veto Section 8 - Powers of Congress Section 9 - Limits on Congress Section 10 - Powers Prohibited of States Article II - The Executive Branch Section 1 - The President Section 2 - Civilian Power over Military, Cabinet, Pardon Power, Appointments Section 3 - State of the Union, Convening Congress Section 4 - Disqualification Article III - The Judicial Branch Section 1 - Judicial Powers Section 2 - Trial by Jury, Jury Trials, Original Jurisdiction Section 3 - Treason Article IV - The States Section 1 - Each State to Honor All Others Section 2 - State Citizens, Extradition Section 3 - New States Section 4 - Republican Government Article V - Amendment Article VI - The United States Article VII - Ratification

~ Amendments ~
Bill of Rights
Amendment 1 Freedom of Religion, Press, Expression Amendment 2 Right to Bear Arms Amendment 3 Quartering of Soldiers Amendment 4 Search and Seizure Amendment 5 Trial and Punishment, Compensation for Takings Amendment 6 Right to Speedy Trial, Confrontation of Witnesses Amendment 7 Trial by Jury in Civil Cases Amendment 8 Cruel and Unusual Punishment Amendment 9 Construction of Constitution Amendment 10 Powers of the States and People

Amendment 11 - Judicial Limits Amendment 12 - Choosing the President & Vice President Amendment 13 - Slavery Abolished Amendment 14 - Citizenship Rights Amendment 15 - Race No Bar to Vote Amendment 16 - Status of Income Tax Clarified Amendment 17 - Senators Elected by Popular Vote Amendment 18 - Liquor Abolished Amendment 19 - Women's Suffrage Amendment 20 - Presidential & Congressional Terms Amendment 21 - Amendment 18 Repealed Amendment 22 - Presidential Term Limits Amendment 23 - Presidential Vote for District of Columbia Amendment 24 - Poll Taxes Barred Amendment 25 - Presidential Disability and Succession Amendment 26 - Voting Age set to 18 Years Amendment 27 - Limiting Congressional Pay Increases

Susan B Anthony
Speech, June 17, 1873
after Judge ordered
guilty verdict for voting

Yes, your honor, I have many things to say, for in your ordered verdict of guilty, you have trampled underfoot every vital principle of our government. My natural rights, my civil rights, my political rights, are all alike ignored. Robbed of the fundamental privilege of citizenship, I am degraded from the status of a citizen to that of a subject, and not only myself individually, but all of my sex, are, by your honor's verdict, doomed to political subjection under this so-called Republican government.

…Your denial of my citizen's right to vote is the denial of my right of consent as one of the governed, the denial of my right of representation as one of the taxed the denial of my right to a trail by a jury of my peers as an offender against the law, therefore, the denial of my sacred rights to life, liberty, property, and ---

…I shall never pay a dollar of your unjust penalty. All the stock in trade I possess is $10,000 debt, incurred by publishing my paper---The Revolution --- four years ago, the sole object of which was to educate all women to do precisely as I have done, rebel against your manmade, unjust, unconstitutional forms of law, that tax, fine, imprison, and hang women, while they deny them the right of representation in the Government; and I shall work on with might and main to pay every dollar of the honest debt, but not a penny shall go to this unjust claim. And I shall earnestly and persistently continue to urge all women to the practical recognition of the old revolutionary maxim that 'Resistance to tyranny is obedience to God.'

Sojourner Truth
Ain't I a Woman?
May 28-29, 1851

Well, children, where there is so much racket there must be something out of kilter. I think that 'twixt the negroes of the South and the women of the North, all talking about rights, the white men will be in a fix pretty soon. But what's all this here talking about?

That man over there says that women need to be helped into carriages and lifted over ditches, and to have the best place everywhere. Nobody ever helps me into carriages, or over mud-puddles, or gives me any best place! And ain't I a woman? Look at me! Look at my arm! I could have ploughed and planted, and gathered into barns, and no man could head me! And ain't I a woman? I could work as much and eat as much as a man- when I could get it- and bear the lash as well! And ain't I a woman? I have borne thirteen children, and seen them most all sold off to slavery, and when I cried out with my mother's grief, none but Jesus heard me! And ain't I a woman?

Then they talk about this thing in the head; what's this they call it? [Intellect, somebody whispers] That's it, honey. What's that got to do with women's rights or negro's rights? If my cup won't hold but a pint, and yours holds a quart, wouldn't you be mean not to let me have my little half measure-full?

Then that little man in black there, he says women can't have as much rights as men, 'cause Christ wasn't a woman! Where did your Christ come from? Where did your Christ come from? From God and a woman! Man had nothing to do with Him.

If the first woman God ever made was strong enough to turn the world upside down all alone, these women together ought to be able to turn it back, and get it right side up again! And now they is asking to do it, the men better let them.

Obliged to you for hearing me, and now old Sojourner ain't got nothing more to say.

 Sitting Bull
Sitting Bull
What treaty have the Sioux made with the white man that we have broken? Not one. What treaty have the white man ever made with us that they have kept? Not one. When I was a boy the Sioux owned the world; the sun rose and set on their land; they sent ten thousand men to battle. Where are the warriors today? Who slew them? Where are our lands? Who owns them?....

What white man can say I ever stole his land or a penny of his money? Yet they say that I am a thief. What white woman, however lonely, was ever captive or insulted by me? Yet they say I am a bad Indian. What white man has ever seen me drunk? Who has ever come to me hungry and left me unfed? Who has seen me beat my wives or abuse my children? What law have I broken?

Is it wrong for me to love my own? Is it wicked for me because my skin is red? Because I am a Sioux; because I was born where my father lived; because I would die for my people and my country?

Let us put our minds together and see what life we can make for our children.

Chief Seattle
Day and night 
cannot dwell together.
Take only memories, 
leave nothing but footprints.  
Like a man who 
has been dying 
for many days, 
a man in your city 
is numb to the stench.
Whatever befalls the earth befalls the son of the earth. 
Humankind has not woven the web of life. 
We are but one thread within it. 
Whatever we do to the web, we do to ourselves. 
All things are bound together. All things connect. 
Your religion 
was written on 
tablets of stone, 
ours on our hearts.
Every part of all this soil is sacred to my people. 
Every hillside, every valley, every plain and grove 
has been hallowed by some sad or happy event 
in days long vanished. 
The very dust you now stand on responds 
more willingly to their footsteps than to yours, 
because it is rich with the blood of our ancestors 
and our bare feet are conscious of the sympathetic touch.
We are part of the earth 
and the earth is part of us.
One and God 
make a majority. 
The soul that is within me 
no man can degrade. 
Find out just what 
any people will quietly 
submit to and you have 
the exact measure 
of the injustice 
and wrong which will 
be imposed on them. 
The thing worse than rebellion 
is the thing that causes rebellion. 
Power concedes nothing 
without a demand. 
It never did 
and it never will. 
When men sow the wind 
it is rational to expect 
that they will reap 
the whirlwind. 
The life of the nation 
is secure only while 
the nation is honest, 
truthful, and virtuous. 
A little learning, indeed, 
may be a dangerous thing, 
but the want of learning is 
a calamity to any people. 
Where justice is denied, 
where poverty is enforced, 
where ignorance prevails, 
and where any one class 
is made to feel that society 
is an organized conspiracy 
to oppress, rob and degrade 
them, neither persons 
nor property will be safe. 
If there is no struggle, 
there is no progress. 
Those who profess 
to favor freedom, 
and deprecate agitation, 
are men who want crops 
without plowing up the ground, 
they want rain without 
thunder and lightning. 
Right is of no sex 
Truth is of no color 
God is the Father of us all 
and we are all Brethren 
~ motto: The North Star
I prefer to be true to myself, 
even at the hazard of incurring 
the ridicule of others, 
rather than to be false, and 
to incur my own abhorrence. 

 Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln
16th President of the United States

The Gettysburg Address
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
November 19, 1863

Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.

Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.

But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate -- we can not consecrate -- we can not hallow -- this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us -- that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion -- that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain -- that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom -- and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.

John F. Kennedy
35th President of
the United States
John F. Kennedy
Ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country.
We choose to go to the moon! We choose to go to the moon in this decade, and to do the other things - not because they are easy, but because they are hard.
What kind of peace do we seek? Not a Pax Americana enforced on the world by American weapons of war. Not the peace of the grave or the security of a slave. I am talking about genuine peace, the kind of peace that makes life on earth worth living, the kind that enables men and nations to grow and to hope and to build a better life for their children - not merely peace for Americans, but peace for all men and women - not merely peace in our time, but peace for all time.

I Have a Dream
Martin Luther King Jr.

delivered August 28, 1963
Lincoln Memorial, Washington D.C.

I am happy to join with you today in what will go down in history as the greatest demonstration for freedom in the history of our nation.

Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation. This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice. It came as a joyous daybreak to end the long night of their captivity.

But one hundred years later, the Negro still is not free. One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination. One hundred years later, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity. One hundred years later, the Negro is still languished in the corners of American society and finds himself an exile in his own land. And so we've come here today to dramatize a shameful condition.

In a sense we've come to our nation's capital to cash a check. When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, they were signing a promissory note to which every American was to fall heir. This note was a promise that all men, yes, black men as well as white men, would be guaranteed the "unalienable Rights" of "Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness." It is obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory note, insofar as her citizens of color are concerned. Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people a bad check, a check which has come back marked "insufficient funds."

But we refuse to believe that the bank of justice is bankrupt. We refuse to believe that there are insufficient funds in the great vaults of opportunity of this nation. And so, we've come to cash this check, a check that will give us upon demand the riches of freedom and the security of justice.

We have also come to this hallowed spot to remind America of the fierce urgency of Now. This is no time to engage in the luxury of cooling off or to take the tranquilizing drug of gradualism. Now is the time to make real the promises of democracy. Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice. Now is the time to lift our nation from the quicksands of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood. Now is the time to make justice a reality for all of God's children.

It would be fatal for the nation to overlook the urgency of the moment. This sweltering summer of the Negro's legitimate discontent will not pass until there is an invigorating autumn of freedom and equality. Nineteen sixty-three is not an end, but a beginning. And those who hope that the Negro needed to blow off steam and will now be content will have a rude awakening if the nation returns to business as usual. And there will be neither rest nor tranquility in America until the Negro is granted his citizenship rights. The whirlwinds of revolt will continue to shake the foundations of our nation until the bright day of justice emerges.

But there is something that I must say to my people, who stand on the warm threshold which leads into the palace of justice: In the process of gaining our rightful place, we must not be guilty of wrongful deeds. Let us not seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred. We must forever conduct our struggle on the high plane of dignity and discipline. We must not allow our creative protest to degenerate into physical violence. Again and again, we must rise to the majestic heights of meeting physical force with soul force.

The marvelous new militancy which has engulfed the Negro community must not lead us to a distrust of all white people, for many of our white brothers, as evidenced by their presence here today, have come to realize that their destiny is tied up with our destiny. And they have come to realize that their freedom is inextricably bound to our freedom.

We cannot walk alone.

And as we walk, we must make the pledge that we shall always march ahead.

We cannot turn back.

There are those who are asking the devotees of civil rights, "When will you be satisfied?" We can never be satisfied as long as the Negro is the victim of the unspeakable horrors of police brutality. We can never be satisfied as long as our bodies, heavy with the fatigue of travel, cannot gain lodging in the motels of the highways and the hotels of the cities. *We cannot be satisfied as long as the negro's basic mobility is from a smaller ghetto to a larger one. We can never be satisfied as long as our children are stripped of their self-hood and robbed of their dignity by a sign stating: "For Whites Only."* We cannot be satisfied as long as a Negro in Mississippi cannot vote and a Negro in New York believes he has nothing for which to vote. No, no, we are not satisfied, and we will not be satisfied until "justice rolls down like waters, and righteousness like a mighty stream."¹

I am not unmindful that some of you have come here out of great trials and tribulations. Some of you have come fresh from narrow jail cells. And some of you have come from areas where your quest -- quest for freedom left you battered by the storms of persecution and staggered by the winds of police brutality. You have been the veterans of creative suffering. Continue to work with the faith that unearned suffering is redemptive. Go back to Mississippi, go back to Alabama, go back to South Carolina, go back to Georgia, go back to Louisiana, go back to the slums and ghettos of our northern cities, knowing that somehow this situation can and will be changed.

Let us not wallow in the valley of despair, I say to you today, my friends.

And so even though we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow, I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream.

I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal."

I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia, the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood.

I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice.

I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.

I have a dream today!

I have a dream that one day, down in Alabama, with its vicious racists, with its governor having his lips dripping with the words of "interposition" and "nullification" -- one day right there in Alabama little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls as sisters and brothers.

I have a dream today!

I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, and every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight; "and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed and all flesh shall see it together."²

This is our hope, and this is the faith that I go back to the South with.

With this faith, we will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope. With this faith, we will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood. With this faith, we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day.

And this will be the day -- this will be the day when all of God's children will be able to sing with new meaning:

My country 'tis of thee,
  sweet land of liberty, of thee I sing.
Land where my fathers died,
  land of the Pilgrim's pride,
From every mountainside,
  let freedom ring!

And if America
is to be a great nation,
this must become true.

And so let freedom ring
from the prodigious hilltops
of New Hampshire.

Let freedom ring
from the mighty mountains
of New York.

Let freedom ring
from the heightening
Alleghenies of Pennsylvania.

Let freedom ring
from the snow-capped
Rockies of Colorado.

Let freedom ring
from the curvaceous
slopes of California.

But not only that:

Let freedom ring
from Stone Mountain
of Georgia.

Let freedom ring
from Lookout Mountain
of Tennessee.

Let freedom ring
from every hill and molehill
of Mississippi.

From every mountainside,
  let freedom ring.

And when this happens, when we allow freedom ring, when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when all of God's children, black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics, will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual:

Free at last! Free at last!
Thank God Almighty, we are free at last!

We didn't land 
on Plymouth Rock, 
Plymouth Rock landed on us.
Injustice anywhere 
is a threat to 
justice everywhere. 
The common goal of 
22 million Afro-Americans 
is respect as human beings, 
the God-given right 
to be a human being. 
Our common goal is to 
obtain the human rights that 
America has been denying us. 
We can never get civil rights 
in America until our 
human rights are first restored. 
We will never be recognized 
as citizens there until we are 
first recognized as humans.
Violence as a way of 
achieving racial justice is 
both impractical and immoral. 
It is impractical because 
it is a descending spiral 
ending in destruction for all. 
It is immoral because it seeks 
to humiliate the opponent rather 
than win his understanding; 
it seeks to annihilate 
rather than to convert. 
Violence is immoral 
because it thrives on 
hatred rather than love. 
I believe in the 
brotherhood of man, 
all men, but I don’t believe in 
brotherhood with anybody 
who doesn’t want 
brotherhood with me. 
I believe in treating people right, 
but I’m not going to waste 
my time trying to treat 
somebody right who doesn’t 
know how to return the treatment.
I refuse to accept the view 
that mankind is 
so tragically bound 
to the starless midnight 
of racism and war 
that the bright daybreak 
of peace and brotherhood 
can never become reality. 
I believe that unarmed truth 
and unconditional love 
will have the final word. 
Concerning nonviolence, 
it is criminal to teach a man 
not to defend himself 
when he is the constant 
victim of brutal attacks.
We have flown the air like birds 
and swum the sea like fishes, 
but have yet to learn 
the simple act of 
walking the earth like brothers. 
A man who stands for 
nothing will fall for anything.
Without love, benevolence 
becomes egotism. 
We are nonviolent 
with people who are 
nonviolent with us.
All men are caught 
in an inescapable 
network of mutuality. 
You can’t separate 
peace from freedom
because no one can be at peace 
unless he has his freedom.
Segregation is the adultery 
of an illicit intercourse 
between injustice 
and immorality. 
When a person places 
the proper value on freedom, 
there is nothing under the sun 
that he will not do 
to acquire that freedom. 
Whenever you hear 
a man saying 
he wants freedom, 
but in the next breath 
he is going to tell you 
what he won't do to get it, 
or what he doesn't believe 
in doing in order to get it, 
he doesn't believe in freedom. 
A man who believes in freedom 
will do anything under the sun 
to acquire or preserve his freedom.
Like an unchecked cancer, 
hate corrodes the personality 
and eats away its vital unity. 
Hate destroys a man's sense 
of values and his objectivity. 
It causes him to describe 
the beautiful as ugly 
and the ugly as beautiful, 
and to confuse 
the true with the false 
and the false with the true. 
Power at its best is 
love implementing the 
demands of justice. 
Justice at its best is 
love correcting everything 
that stands against love. 
If you're not ready to die for it, 
put the word "freedom"
out of your vocabulary.
Life's most urgent 
question is, what are 
you doing for others?
They put your mind 
right in a bag, 
and take it 
wherever they want.
When you are right 
you cannot be too radical; 
when you are wrong, you 
cannot be too conservative. 
The Negro revolution 
is controlled by 
foxy white liberals, 
by the Government itself. 
But the Black Revolution 
is controlled only by God.
It may be true 
that the law cannot 
make a man love me, 
but it can stop him from 
lynching me, and I think 
that's pretty important. 
I for one believe 
that if you give people 
a thorough understanding 
of what confronts them 
and the basic causes 
that produce it, they'll 
create their own program, 
and when the people 
create a program, 
you get action.
If a man is called 
to be a streetsweeper, 
he should sweep streets 
even as Michelangelo painted, 
or Beethoven composed music, 
or Shakespeare wrote poetry. 
He should sweep streets so well 
that all the host of heaven & earth 
will pause to say, here lived a great 
streetsweeper who did his job well. 
If violence is wrong in America, 
violence is wrong abroad. 
If it is wrong to be violent 
defending black women and 
black children and black babies 
and black men, then it is wrong 
for America to draft us, 
and make us violent abroad 
in defense of her. 
And if it is right 
for America to draft us, 
and teach us how to be 
violent in defense of her, 
then it is right for you and me 
to do whatever is necessary 
to defend our own people 
right here in this country.
All labor that uplifts humanity 
has dignity and importance 
and should be undertaken 
with painstaking excellence.
Without justice, 
there can be no peace. 
He who passively accepts evil 
is as much involved in it as 
he who helps to perpetrate it.
A nation that continues 
year after year to spend more 
money on military defense than 
on programs of social uplift is 
approaching spiritual doom.
A race of people 
is like an individual man; 
until it uses its own talent, 
takes pride in its own history, 
expresses its own culture, 
affirms its own selfhood, 
it can never fulfill itself.
There is nothing 
more dangerous 
than to build a society, 
with a large segment 
of people in that society, 
who feel that they have 
no stake in it; 
who feel that they have 
nothing to lose. 
People who have a stake 
in their society, 
protect that society, 
but when they don't have it, 
they unconsciously 
want to destroy it. 
Sitting at the table 
doesn’t make you a diner. 
You must be eating 
some of what’s on that plate. 
Being here in America 
doesn’t make you an American. 
Being born here in America 
doesn’t make you an American.
I believe that there 
will ultimately be a clash 
between the oppressed and 
those that do the oppressing. 
I believe that there will be a clash 
between those who want 
freedom, justice and equality 
for everyone and those 
who want to continue the 
systems of exploitation.
A man can't ride your 
back unless it's bent.
A right delayed 
is a right denied.
In the end, we will remember 
not the words of our enemies, 
but the silence of our friends. 

Bertrand Russell
It is impossible to prevent others from feeling hostile; but it is possible to avoid any reciprocal hostility on ones own part, by imaginative understanding and the sympathy which grows out of it.
A free community requires not only legal freedom, but a tolerant public opinion, an absence of that instinctive inquisition into our neighbors affairs; which, under the guise of upholding a high moral standard, enables good people to indulge unconsciously a disposition to cruelty and persecution.
The more intensely a nation believes in its patriotism, the more fanatically indifferent it will become to the damage suffered by other nations.

Americans have been 
taught that their nation 
is civilized and humane. 
But, too often, U.S. 
actions have been 
uncivilized and inhumane. 
If the gods had 
intended for 
people to vote, 
they would have 
given us candidates. 
If those in charge of our 
society - politicians, 
corporate executives, 
and owners of press 
and television - can 
dominate our ideas, 
they will be secure 
in their power. They 
will not need soldiers 
patrolling the streets. 
We will control ourselves. 
In the United States 
today, the Declaration 
of Independence hangs 
on schoolroom walls, 
but foreign policy 
follows Machiavelli. 
One certain effect 
of war is to diminish 
freedom of expression. 
There is no flag large 
enough to cover the 
shame of killing 
innocent people. 
We need to decide that 
we will not go to war, 
whatever reason is 
conjured up by the 
politicians or the media, 
because war in our time 
is always indiscriminate, 
a war against innocents, 
a war against children.

Jimmy Carter
39th President
of the United States
A strong nation, 
like a strong person, 
can afford to be gentle, firm, 
thoughtful, and restrained. 
It can afford to extend a 
helping hand to others. 
It's a weak nation, 
like a weak person, that 
must behave with bluster 
and boasting and rashness 
and other signs of insecurity. 
Aggression unopposed 
becomes a contagious disease. 
America did not invent 
human rights. 
In a very real sense 
human rights 
invented America. 
Globalization, as defined 
by rich people like us, 
is a very nice thing... 
you are talking about the 
Internet, cell phones, computers. 
This doesn't affect two-thirds 
of the people of the world...
If you're totally illiterate and 
living on one dollar a day, the 
benefits of globalization 
never come to you. 

Nelson Mandela
For to be free is not merely to cast off one's chains, but to live in a way that respects and enhances the freedom of others.
Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.

World Economic Systems
You have two cows.
  Your lord takes some of the milk.
Pure socialism
You have two cows.
The government takes them
  and puts them in a barn
  with everyone else's cows.
You have to take care of all the cows.
The government gives you
  as much milk as you need.
Bureaucratic Socialism
You have two cows.
The government takes them
  and puts them in a barn
  with everyone else's cows.
They are cared for
  by ex-chicken farmers.
You have to take care of the chickens
  the government took
  from the chicken farmers.
The government gives you
  as much milk and eggs as the
  regulations say you should need.
You have two cows.
The government takes them both,
  hires you to take care of them
  and sells you the milk.
Pure Communism
You have two cows.
Your neighbors help you take care of them,
  and you all share the milk.
Russian Communism
You have two cows.
You have to take care of them,
  but the government takes all the milk.
Cambodian Communism
You have two cows.
The government takes both
  and shoots you.
You have two cows.
The government takes both
  and drafts you.
Pure Democracy
You have two cows.
Your neighbors decide
  who gets the milk.
Representative Democracy
You have two cows.
Yours neighbors pick somone
  to tell you who gets the milk.
You have two cows.
At first the government regulates
  what you can feed them
  and when you can milk them.
Then it pays you not to milk them.
Then it takes both,
  shoots one, milks the other one
  and pours the milk down the drain.
Then it requires you to fill out forms
  accounting for the missing cows.
In triplicate.
Pure Anarchy
You have two cows.
Either you sell the milk at a fair price
  or your neighbors take the cows and kill you.
You have two cows.
You sell one and buy a bull.
Primitive Theocracy
You have two cows, by the Grace of God.
Thou shalt sacrifice one, this new moon
~ and one of your daughters, too. Amen.
Medieval Theocracy
You have two cows, by the Grace of God.
Thou shalt tithe one to the Holy Church
~ and then be burned at the stake. Amen.
Modern Theocracy
You have two cows, by the Grace of God.
Go forth and spread the good news. Amen.
You have two giraffes.
The government requires
  you to take harmonica lessons.

Notice of Revocation of Independence

To the residents of the United States of America:

In view of your abject failure to elect a President and thus to govern yourselves, We give hereby Notice of the Revocation of your Independence, effective today at Five O'Clock Greenwich Mean Time.

Her Britannic Majesty Queen Elizabeth II will resume sovereign duties forthwith over all states, commonwealths and other territories, with notable exception of Florida, which Shall be returned to His Illustrious Catholic Majesty, King Juan Carlos of Spain.

Your new Prime Minister (The Rt. Hon Tony Blair, for the 98.85% of you who have until now been unaware that there is a world outside your borders) will suggest to Her Majesty a Governor-General for America without the need for further elections. Congress and the Senate will be disbanded. A questionnaire will be circulated next year to determine whether any of you noticed. To aid in the transition to a British Crown Dependency, the following rules are introduced with immediate effect:
  1. You should look up "revocation" in the Oxford English Dictionary. Then look up "aluminium". Check the pronunciation guide. You will be amazed at just how wrongly you have been pronouncing these words. In general, you should raise your vocabulary to acceptable levels. (Look up "vocabulary"). Using the same twenty-seven words interspersed with filler noises such as "like" and "you know" is an unacceptable and inefficient form of communication. (Look up "interspersed").

  2. There is no such thing as "U.S. English"
    We will let Microsoft know on your behalf.

  3. You should learn to distinguish
    the English and Australian accents.
    It really isn't that difficult.

  4. Hollywood will be required occasionally
    to cast British actors as the good guys.

  5. You should relearn your original national anthem, "God Save The Queen", but only after fully carrying out task 1. We would not want you to get confused and give up half way through.

  6. You should stop playing American "football". There is only one kind of football. What you refer to as American "football" is not a very good game. The 1.15% of you who are aware that there is a world outside your borders may have noticed that no one else plays "American" football. You will no longer be allowed to play it, and should instead play proper football. Initially, it would be best if you played with the girls. It is a difficult game. Those of you brave enough will, in time, be allowed to play rugby (which is similar to American "football", but does not involve stopping for a rest every twenty seconds or wearing full kevlar body armor). We are hoping to get together at least an American rugby sevens side by 2005.

  7. You should declare war on Quebec and France, using nuclear weapons if they give you any merde. The 98.85% of you who were not aware that there is a world outside your borders should count yourselves lucky. The Russians have never been the bad guys.

  8. July 4th is no longer a public holiday. November 8th will be a new national holiday, but only in the British Empire. It will be called "Indecisive Day".

  9. All American cars are hereby banned. They are crap and it is for your own good. When We show you German cars, you will understand what We mean.

  10. Please tell Us who killed JFK. It's been driving Us crazy.

Thank you for your cooperation.

Welcome back,

HRH Elizabeth II