e l e m e n t s

Elemental

. . . . . the beginning . . . . .
. . . . . . . of everything . . . . . . .










 - earth is a planet, too -
 - hot air begets words of wisdom -
 solid 
 liquid 
 gas 
 plasma 



 earth 
 water 
 air 
 fire 
 - dragons breath is plasma from fire -
 - waterworld -












  Periodic Table of the Elements  

  Traditional View  

Period
Group
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
18
2
He
Helium
4.003
10
Ne
Neon
20.179
18
Ar
Argon
39.948
36
Kr
Krypton
83.80
54
Xe
Xeon
131.29
86
Rn
Radon
222
17
9
F
Florine
18.998
17
Cl
Chlorine
35.453
35
Br
Bromine
79.904
53
I
Iodine
126.905
85
At
Astatine
210
16
8
O
Oxygen
15.999
16
S
Sulfer
32.06
34
Se
Selenium
78.96
52
Te
Tellurium
127.60
84
Po
Polonium
209
15
7
N
Nitrogen
14.007
15
P
Phosporus
30.974
33
As
Arsenic
74.922
51
Sb
Antimony
121.75
83
Bi
Bismuth
208.98
14
6
C
Carbon
12.001
14
Si
Silicon
28.086
32
Ge
Germanium
72.59
50
Sn
Tin
118.71
82
Pb
Lead
207.2
13
5
B
Boron
10.81
13
Al
Aluminum
26.98
31
Ga
Gallium
69.72
49
In
Indium
114.82
81
Tl
Thallium
204.383
30
Zn
Zinc
65.39
48
Cd
Cadmium
112.41
80
Hg
Mercury
200.59
112
Uub
Ununbium
277
12
29
Cu
Copper
63.546
47
Ag
Silver
107.868
79
Au
Gold
196.967
111
Uuu
Unununium
272
11
28
Ni
Nickel
58.69
46
Pd
Palladium
106.42
78
Pt
Platnium
195.08
110
Uun
Ununnilium
269
10
27
Co
Cobalt
58.9332
45
Rh
Rhodium
102.906
77
Ir
Iridium
192.22
109
Mt
Meitnerium
266
9
26
Fe
Iron
55.847
44
R
Ruthenium
101.07
76
Os
Osmium
190.2
108
Hs
Hassium
265
8
25
Mn
Manganese
54.938
43
Tc
Technetium
98
75
Re
Rhenium
186.207
107
Ns
Nielsbohrium
262
7
24
Cr
Chromium
51.996
42
Mo
Molybdenum
95.94
74
W
Tungsten
183.85
106
Unh
Unnilhexium
263
6
23
V
Vanadium
50.94
41
Nb
Niobium
92.91
73
Ta
Tantalum
180.95
105
Ha
Hahnium
262
5
22
Ti
Titanium
47.88
40
Zr
Zirconium
91.224
72
Hf
Hafnium
178.49
104
Rf
Rutherfordium
261
4
21
Sc
Scandium
44.956
39
Y
Yttrrium
88.9059
71
Lu
Lutertium
174.967
103
Lr
Lawrencium
260
3
70
Yb
Ytterbium
173.04
102
No
Nobelium
259
69
Tm
Thulium
168.934
101
Md
Mendelevium
258
68
Er
Erbium
167.26
100
Fm
Fermium
257
67
Ho
Holmium
164.93
99
Es
Einstenium
252
66
Dy
Dysprosium
162.50
98
Cf
Californium
251
65
Tb
Terbium
158.925
97
Bk
Berkelium
247
64
Gd
Gadolinium
157.25
96
Cm
Curium
247
63
Eu
Europium
151.96
95
Am
Americium
243
62
Sm
Samarium
150.36
94
Pu
Plutonium
244
61
Pm
Promethium
145
93
Np
Neptunium
237.048
60
Nd
Neodymium
144.24
92
U
Uranium
238.029
59
Pr
Praseodymium
140.908
91
Pa
Protactinium
231.036
58
Ce
Cerium
140.12
90
Th
Thorium
232.038
57
La
Lanthanum
138.906
89
Ac
Actinium
227.028
2
4
Be
Beryllium
9.0122
12
Mg
Magnesium
24.305
20
Ca
Calcium
40.08
38
Sr
Strontium
87.62
56
Ba
Barium
137.33
88
Ra
Radium
226.025
1
1
H
Hydrogen
1.00794
3
Li
Lithium
6.941
11
Na
Sodium
22.990
19
K
Potassium
39.098
37
Rb
Rubidium
85.468
55
Cs
Cesium
132.91
87
Fr
Francium
223
Group
Period
1 2 3 4 5 6 7



Alkaline Metals
All of the Alkali Metals are very reactive. They are found in group IA. None of the alkali metals are found on the earth due to the fact that they react easily. There are six elements in the alkali metals family.
Noble Gasses
Any of the elements in Group O of the periodic table, including helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, and radon, which are monatomic and with limited exceptions chemically inert. Also called inert gas.
Non Metals
Non-Metals are found in the same groups as other metals, with the exception being hydrogen (group IA). The are poor conductors of electricity and heat. Non-Metals are not very dense. Non-metals obviously have a non-metallic luster and can be transparent or translucent. These eleven elements are either gases, liquids, or solids.
Other Metals
Other Metals are found in groups IIIB through VIB. They are also good conductors of electricity and heat. Metalloids also have a metallic luster and are opaque. All are solids.
Lanthanide Series
Lanthanide Series include atomic numbers 58 through 71 in group IIIb of the Periodic Table. Although they closely resemble LANTHANUM and each other in their chemical and physical properties, lanthanum (at.no. 57) is not always considered a member of the series.
Actinide Series
Actinide series contains the radioactive metals. Actinide Series are atomic numbers 89 through 103, in the group IIIb of the Periodic Table.
Transition Metals
The transition metals, consisting of 30 elements, are the largest family in the periodic table. They generally conduct Heat well. They are also good at conducting electricity. The transition metals have a metallic luster.
Alkaline Earth Metals
Alkaline-earth metals are the elements in group IIa of the Periodic Table. They are softer than most other metals and react readily with water.












NEW SUPER-HEAVY
ELEMENTS 116, 118 CREATED

From: CNI News -- Vol. 5, No. 8 -- June 16, 1999

A few months ago, Russian and U.S. researchers announced the creation of element 114. Although previously discovered superheavy elements always decay within seconds or less, element 114 reportedly lasted 30 seconds before decaying, lending strong support to the theory that an "island of stability" should exist at approximately that point in the progression of elements.

Now, researchers at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in California say they have created several atoms of element 118, which decayed within milliseconds to element 116, another previously undiscovered element. That atom then decayed to element 114 and kept decaying down to at least element 106. Despite their swift decay, these new superheavy elements also strengthened the notion of an as-yet unachieved "island of stability." A theoretically stable isotope of element 114 might contain 184 neutrons, several more than the isotopes so far created.

It remains unclear what kinds of exotic properties a stable superheavy element might have. Controversial "UFO mechanic" Bob Lazar has said that a stable isotope of element 115 was the fuel used in an alien spacecraft he allegedly examined near Nevada's Area 51 a decade ago. No form of element 115 has yet been created in a human laboratory.

A new method used to create element 118 represents a breakthrough that could lead to more such achievements with greater ease than has previously been possible. According to nuclear chemist Ken Gregorich, leader of the Lawrence Berkeley team, "We were able to produce these superheavies using a reaction that, until a few months ago, we had not considered using. However, theoretician Robert Smolanczuk (a visiting Fulbright scholar from the Soltan Institute for Nuclear Studies in Poland) calculated that this reaction should have particularly favorable production rates. Our unexpected success in producing these superheavy elements opens up a whole world of possibilities using similar reactions."