BRIGHT STARS
The Brightest Stars up to 2.5 mag
asterisk (*) in spectral type indicates a binary
spectral type of the brighter component is listed
main source: StarDate: Brightest Stars
adopted from the Bright Star Catalog, Rev 4 
radii from Catalogue of Apparent Diameters 
and Absolute Radii of Stars.
additional sources: Wikipedia & alcyone software



HD#
designation
Name
alternate
names
RtAscension
Declination
dist (ly) mag spectral
type
radius
(x Sol)
48915
alpha CMa
Sirius
Gk "glowing"
or "scorcher"
Tir, Sopdet, Sothis, Alshira,
Aschere, Tianlng, Kachina,
Lokabrenna, Aoboshi, Tenro,
Mrgavyadha, Mrigasira
06h 45 8.9
-16 42 58
8.6 -1.46 A1 V* 1.7
45348
alpha Car
Canopus
Coptic: "Golden Earth"
Kahi Nub,
Suhel, Suhail,
Laornxing, Agastiya
06h 23 57.2
-52 41 44
74 -0.72 F0II ?
128620
Alpha Centauri
Rigil Kentaurus
Ar "foot of the centaur"
Toliman, Bungula,
Proxima, Nnmn'r
14h 39 36.2
-60 50 07
4.3 -0.01 G2V+K1V 1.18
124897
alpha Boo
Arcturus
Gk "Bear Guard"
Asimak-Arami,
Alharith-Asama,
Dah Jyaoo, Tai Roku
14h 15 39.6
+19 10 57
34 -0.04 K1IIIbCN-1 25.1
172167
alpha Lyr
Vega
Ar "the falling eagle"
Fidis, Dayan-same,
Tir-anna, Dilgan,
Zhi N, Vanant
18h 36 56.2
+38 47 01
25.3 0.03 A0V 2
34029
alpha Aur
Capella
La 'little she goat'
(La) Amalthea, Hircus,
(Ar) Alhajoth, Ayyuq,
(Per) Bozban, Negahban,
(Hin) Brahmahridaya,
(Aus) Purra, (Inca) Colca,
(Hi) Hokulei, (Ch) Wuju'r
05h 16 41.3
+45 59 53
41 0.08 G8 13
34085
beta Ori
Rigel
"left foot, central one"
Algebar
Shenxi
05h 14 32.2
-08 12 06
815 0.12 B8 I* 63
61421
alpha CMi
Procyon
Gk "before the dog"
Nnhsan
Algomeysa
Antecanis
07h 39 18.1
+05 13 30
11.4 0.38 F5 IV 2
10144
alpha Eri
Achernar
Ar "river's end"
Shuiweiyi
Ch: "Crooked
Running Water"
01h 37 42.9
-57 14 12
69 0.46 B3Vpe 5.0
39801
alpha Ori
Betelgeuse
Ar "hand of central one"
Aldhira, Almankib
Alyad-Alyamma
Ardra, Bahu, Ban,
Gula, Klaria...
05h 55 10.3
+07 24 25
425 0.50 M2 I 226
122451
beta Cen
Agena
Lat "the knee"
Hadar
(Ar: "ground")
14h 03 49.4
-60 22 22
320 0.61 B1III
187642
alpha Aql
Altair
Ar "the Flying Eagle"
Hikoboshi, Niu Lang
19h 50 46.9
+08 52 06
16.8 0.77 A7V 1.6
29139
alpha Tau
Aldebaran
Ar "the follower"
Kugard, Cor Tauri, Rohini,
Parilicium, Palilicium,
Satvis, Bxiwu
04h 35 55.2
+16 30 33
60 0.85 K5 III 46
116658
alpha Vir
Spica
La "ear of grain"
Jiao Xiu 1
Azimech, Alarph,
Nakshatra Chitra
13h 25 11.5
-11 09 41
220 0.98 B1 III + B2 V 6.6
148478
alpha Sco
Antares
Gk "against Mars"
Kalb al Akrab, Jyeshtha,
Kardia Scorpiou, Satevis,
Cor Scorpii, Vespertilio,
16h 29 24.4
-26 25 25
425 0.96 M1.5I* 510
62509
beta Gem
Pollux
second twin (Gk)
Hercules, Yang (Ch)
Al-Ras al-Tau'am
al-Mu'akhar (Ar)
07h 45 18.9
+28 01 34
40 1.14 K0 III 10
216956
alpha PsA
Fomalhaut
Ar "fish/whale's mouth"
Os Piscis Meridiani,
Os Piscis Notii,
Difda als Auwel
(First Frog)
22h 57 39.0
-29 37 20
22 1.16 A3Va 1.5
197345
alpha Cyg
Deneb
Ar "tail of the hen"
Deneb el Adige,
Arided, Aridif, Arrioph,
Gallina, Os rosae,
Rosemund, Uropygium
20h 41 25.8
+45 16 49
1630 1.25 A2Iae ?
111123
beta Cru
Mimosa
named for color
Becrux,
3rd Star of the
Cross (Chinese)
12h 47 43.3
-59 41 19
460 1.25 B0.5III
87901
alpha Leo
Regulus
La 'prince' 'little king'
Basiliscus, Rex,
Al Kalb al Asad,
Cor Leonis, Venant
10h 08 22.3
+11 58 02
69 1.35 B7V* 3.5
52089
epsilon CMa
Adhara
Ar "virgins"
Adara, Adharaz,
Seventh Star of Bow
and Arrow (Chinese)
06h 58 37.5
-28 58 20
570 1.50 B2II ?
108248
alpha Cru
Acrux

12h 26 35.9
-63 05 56
510 1.58 B1*
60178
alpha Gem
Castor
first twin (Gk)
Al-Ras al-Taum
al-Muqadim
Yin (Ch)
07h 34 35.9
+31 53 18
46 1.58 A1V* 1.7
108903
gamma Cru
Gacrux

12h 31 09.9
-57 06 47
120 1.63 M3.5III
158926
lambda Sco
Shaula
Ar "raised tail"
Eighth Star of
the Tail (Ch)
17h 33 36.4
-37 06 13
325 1.63 B1.5IV 6.6
35468
gamma Ori
Bellatrix
La "female warrior"
Amazon Star
05h 25 07.8
+06 20 59
303 1.64 B2III 8.1
35497
beta Tau
El Nath
Ar "the butting"
Alnath,
Nath
05h 26 17.5
+28 36 27
130 1.65 B7 III 5.2
80007
beta Car
Miaplacidus
"placid" "waters"
Ar: miyah "waters"
La: placidus "placid"
09h 13 12.1
-69 43 02
111 1.68 A2IV 2.6
37128
epsilon Ori
Alnilam
Ar "string of pearls"
Alnizam (Nazm),
Alnihan, Alnitam
05h 36 12.7
-01 12 07
1300 1.70 B0Iae 31
209952
alpha Gru
Al Na'ir
Ar "bright one"
Al-Nayyir
22h 08 13.9
-46 57 40
91 1.74 B7IV 3.6
112185
epsilon UMa
Alioth
Ar "fat tail of a sheep"
Alyat, Aliath
5th Star N Dipper
or Star of Jade
Sighting-tube (Ch)
12h 54 01.7
+55 57 35
49 1.77 A0pCr 3
68273
gamma Vel
Regor
astronaut Roger Chaffee
Al Suhail, Muliphein,
suhayl al-muhlif (Ar)
"glorious of the oath"
08h 09 31.9
-47 20 12
800 1.78 WC8+O7.5e 17
20902
alpha Per
Marfak
Ar "elbow"
Marfaq
Mirfak, Algenib
03h 24 19.3
+49 51 41
270 1.79 F5Ib 55
95689
alpha UMa
Dubhe
Ar "bear"
Dubb, Ak,
"1st of N Dipper" or
"Celestial Pivot" (Ch)
11h 03 43.6
+61 45 03
105 1.79 K0IIIa ?
54605
delta CMa
Wezen
Ar "weight"
Alwazn,
Wesen,
Al Wazor
07h 08 23.4
-26 23 35
650 1.84 F8Ia 300 (?)
169022
epsilon Sgr
Kaus Australis
'southern' 'bow'
(Ar) qaws 'bow'
(La) australis 'southern'
18h 24 10.3
-34 23 05
160 1.85 B9.5III
71129
epsilon Car
Avior
named by RAF, 1930s
08h 22 30.8
-59 30 34
330 1.86 K0II* 70
120315
eta UMa
Alkaid
"lead daughter of bier"
Elkeid, Benetnasch,
(Ch) 7th of N Dipper
or Twinkling Brilliance
13h 47 32.3
+49 18 48
100 1.86 B3V 3.9
159532
theta Sco
Sargas
(Sumerian origin)
Girtab
(also Sumerian)
17h 37 19.0
-42 59 52
270 1.87 F1II 40
40183
beta Aur
Menkalinan
"rein-holder's shoulder"
Mankib i-l-inan,
Menkalina, Menkarlina
05h 59 31.7
+44 56 51
84 1.90 A2IV 2.5
150708
alpha TrA
Metallah
Ar "head of triangle"
Atria, Caput Trianguli,
Mothallah, Elmuthalleth,
Ras al Muthallah
16h 48 39.9
-69 01 40
130 1.92 K2 II 37
47105
gamma Gem
Alhena
Ar "camel's brand"
Almisan, Almeisan
Arabic "shining one"
3rd Star of the Well (Ch)
06h 37 42.7
+16 23 57
78 1.93 A0IV 3
193924
alpha Pav
Peacock
Joo Tseo
20h 25 38.8
-56 44 07
160 1.94 B2IV 5
74956
delta Vel
Koo She
Ch "bow and arrow"
Hshi
08h 44 42.2
-54 42 30
70 1.96 A1 V 1.89
44743
beta CMa
Mirzam
Ar 'herald'
Murzim, Mirza,
Al-Murzim
06h 22 41.9
-17 57 22
300 1.98 B1II-II 9
81797
alpha Hya
Alphard
Ar "solitary"
Alfard, Alphart,
Kalbelaphard,
Cor Hydrae,
09h 27 35.2
-08 39 31
200 1.98 K3III 37
12929
alpha Ari
Hamal
Ar "sheep" "ram"
Al Hamal,
Hemal, Hamul,
Ras Hammel, Arietis
02h 07 10.3
+23 27 45
74 2.00 K2IIIabCa-I 21.4
8890
alpha UMi
Polaris
Pole Star
Alruccabah, Aljadiyy,
Cynosura, Phoenice,
Lodestar, Tramontana,
Angel Stern, Navigatoria,
Arcady, Yilduz, Mismar
02h 31 50.5
+89 15 51
470 2.02 F7:Ib-IIv 19.5
175224
sigma Sgr
Nunki
Assyrian, Babylonian
Sadira
18h 55 15.8
-26 17 48
160 2.02 B2.5V 4.5
4128
beta Cet
Diphda
Ar "frog"
Deneb Kaitos,
Difda al Thani,
Rana Secunda,
The Second Frog
00h 43 35.3
-17 59 12
57 2.04 K0III 14
37742
zeta Ori
Alnitak
Ar "the girdle"
An-nitaq,
Al Nitak,
Alnitah
05h 40 45.5
-01 56 34
400 2.05 O9.5Ibe* 20
358
alpha And
Alpheratz
Ar "horse's navel"
Sirrat al-Faras,
Sirrah, Alpherat,
00h 08 23.2
+29 05 26
120 2.06 B8IVpMnHg 3.6
6860
beta And
Mirach
miscopy: Mizar
Al Mizar, Mirath, Mirax,
Janb al-Musalsalah
(Ar) "the Side of
the Chained Lady"
01h 09 43.9
+35 37 14
76 2.06 M0IIIa 21.8
12533
gamma And
Almach
Ar "earth-kid"
Alamach, Almaach,
Almaack, Almak, Alamak,
1st Star of the Great
General of Heaven (Ch)
02h 03 53.9
+42 19 47
400 2.06 K3-IIb* 83.2
123139
theta Cen
Menkent
Haratan
14h 06 40.8
-36 22 12
56 2.06 K0IIIb 8.9
38771
kappa Ori
Saiph
Ar "sword"
(Ar) Saif al Jabbar
"sword of the giant"
05h 47 45.3
-09 40 11
550 2.06 B0.5Iav 38
159561
alpha Oph
Rasalhague
Ras al-Ayyah
(Ar) "Head of the
Serpent-charmer."
17h 34 56.0
+12 33 36
67 2.08 A5III 3.15
131873
beta UMi
Kochab
Kocab, Kochah,
Al-Kawkab,
(Ar) "the star"
14h 50 42.2
+74 09 20
120 2.08 K4 III 37
214952
beta Gru

22h 42 40.0
-46 53 05
270 2.10 M5III
207971
gamma Gruis
Aldhanab
Al Dhanab
21h 53 55.70s
-37 21' 54.0"
203 3.00 B8III
19356
beta Per
Algol
Ar "head of the ogre"
El Ghoul, Gorgona,
Gorgonea Prima,
Demon Star,
03h 08 10.1
+40 57 21
100 2.12 B8V 3.16
102647
beta Leo
Denebola
Deneb Aleet,
Deneb Alased, (Ar)
"tail of the lion"
11h 49 03.5
+14 34 19
42 2.14 A3V 1.8
110304
gamma Cen
Koo Low
Muhlifain
12h 41 30.9
-48 57 34
130 2.17 A1IV
194093
gamma Cyg
Sadr
Ar "chest"
Sador, Sadir
20h 22 13.6
+40 15 24
470 2.20 F8Ib 30.9
78647
lambda Vel
Suhail
Ar "glorious" "bright"
Al Suhail, Alsuhail,
Suhail Alwazn, (Ar)
"glorious * of the cycle"
"bright * of the weight"
09h 07 59.7
-43 25 12
220 2.21 K4 Ib-II
3712
alpha Cas
Schedar
Ar "chest" "breast"
Shedar, Shadar,
Schedir, Shedir
00h 40 30.4
+56 32 15
230 2.23 K0IIIa 40.7
139006
alpha CrB
Gemma
La "jewel"
Gnosia Stella Coronae,
Ashtaroth, Alphecca,
Alphacca, al-fakkah,
(Ar) "the broken" (ring
of stars), fakk "unsealed"
15h 34 41.2
+26 42 53
67 2.23 A0V 2.7
164058
gamma Dra
Eltanin
Etamin, Etanin, Ettanin,
Rastaban, Rasaben,
Zenith star
17h 56 36.3
+51 29 20
148 2.23 K5III 23.6
36486
delta Ori
Mintaka
Ar "belt"
Mantaqah
05h 32 00.3
-00 17 57
600 2.23 B0* 16
432
beta Cas
Caph
Ar "palm"
al-Sanam al-Nakah
00h 09 10.6
+59 08 59
45 2.25 F2III 2.0
80404
iota Car
Tureis
Turais, Scutulum,
Aspidiske
09h 17 05.4
-59 16 31
??? 2.25 A8Ib 192
63700
Xi Puppis
Asmidiske
Azmidiske
07h 49 17.7
-24 51 35
1300 3.34 G6 Iab-Ib 120
66811
zeta Puppis
Naos
Gk "ship"
Suhail Hadar
(Ar) "bright star
of the ground"
08h 03 35.0
-40 00 11
1400 2.25 O5Iaf 16
116656
zeta UMa
Mizar
Ar "girdle"
Mirzar, Mizat
Vasistha
13h 23 55.5
+54 55 31
78 2.27 A2VpSrSi* 1.6
116842
80 UMa
Alcor
Saidak
13h 25 13.5
+54 59 17
78 4.01 A5V
151680
epsilon Sco
Wei
Ch "tail"

16h 50 09.7
-34 17 36
69 2.29 K2.5III 16
129078
alpha Lup
Men
trad. Chinese
(Ar) Kakkab
"guide star" or
"star of fortune"
14h 41 55.7
-47 23 17
130 2.30 B1.5III
118716
epsilon Cen
Birdun
Ar "packhorse"
Al Birdhaun
13h 39 53.2
-53 27 59
380 2.30 B1III
127972
eta Cen
...

14h 35 30.3
-42 09 28
310 2.31 B1.5Vne 5-6
143275
delta Sco
Dschubba
Dzuba, Al Jabba,
Iclarcrau, Iclarkrav
16h 00 19.9
-22 37 18
400 2.32 B0.3IV ?
95418
beta UMa
Merak
Ar "loins" (of bear)
Mirak
11h 01 50.4
+56 22 56
76 2.37 A0V 2.5
2261
alpha Phe
Ankaa
Ar "phoenix"
Cymbae, Lucida Cymbae,
Nair al-Zaurak (Ar)
"bright one of the boat"
00h 26 17.0
-42 18 22
76 2.39 K0III 10.2
206778
epsilon Peg
Enif
Ar "nose"
Enf, Enir, Al Anf,
Os Pegasi, Fom
21h 44 11.1
+09 52 30
700 2.39 K2Ib 26.5
160578
kappa Sco
Girtab
Sumerian "scorpion"

17h 42 29.1
-39 01 48
460 2.41 B1.5III 6.9
217906
beta Peg
Scheat
Sheat, Menkib,
Seat Alpheras
23h 03 46.4
+28 04 58
200 2.42 M2.5II-III 38.7
203280
alpha Cep
Alderamin
Ar "the right arm"
a-ira al-yamin
(Ch) 5th Star of
the Celestial Hook
21h 18 34.7
+62 35 08
49 2.44 A7V 2
103287
gamma UMa
Phecda
Ar "thigh"
Phekda, Phad,
(Ar) fakhdh "thigh"
of the Great Bear
11h 53 49.8
+53 41 41
84 2.44 A0Ve 2.4
58350
eta CMa
Aludra
Ar "the virgin"

07h 24 5.6
-29 18 11
3200 2.45 B5Ia 60
197989
epsilon Cyg
Gienah
Ar "wing"

20h 46 12.6
+33 58 13
72 2.45 K0III 13.2
5394
gamma Cas
Tsih
Ch "whip"
Navi
00h 56 42.4
+60 43 00
610 2.15v B0IVe 23
218045
alpha Peg
Markab
Ar "saddle"
Marchab,
Mankib al-Faras
(Ar) "shoulder"
23h 04 45.6
+15 12 19
140 2.49 B9V 2
81188
kappa Vel
Cih,
Markab
09h 22 06.8
+55 00 38
540 2.50 B2 IV 6.9