ALL THE COOL STARS
... for those of us who would
peek our heads above the clouds
and have a good look around .....

if it has a name or is very close
(under 25 light years away)
chances are it's listed here




Constellation Pronunciation Mythology
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
SOL
The Sun
- 0 -27 G2 V Yellow
Main Sequence
Hey, it's Ours !
Wolf 359 - 7.7 13.5 M6 V Red
Main Sequence
3rd Closest Star
Andromeda an DROM eh duh The Princess
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Sirrah
aka - Alpheratz
means: Horse's Navel
Alpha Andromedae
0h 8' 23"
+29 5' 26"
72 2.1 A0 V Blue White
Main Sequence
one corner of
- The Great Square -
once considered part of
the constellation Pegasus
Mirach
means: Girdle
Beta Andy
1h 9' 44"
+35 37' 14"
88 2.1 M0 III Red Giant

Almach
aka - Almak, Alamak
Gamma Andy
2h 3' 54"
+42 19' 47"
120 2.2
5
A0
K2 III
2 Blue White
Main Sequence
orbit 1 Orange Giant
Adhil
Xi Andromedae
1h 22' 20.3
+45 31' 44
195 4.87 K0 III-IV Orange
Sub Giant
Aquarius uh QUARE ee us The Water Bearer
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Sadalmelik
"lucky one of the king"
Alpha Aquarii
22h 5' 47
-0 19' 11
760 3 G2 Ib Yellow
Supergiant
Lies almost
exactly on the
Celestial Equator
Sadalsud
"luckiest of the lucky"
Beta Aquarii
21h 31' 33
-5 34' 16
610 2.9 G0 Ib Yellow
Supergiant
Sadachbia
"lucky one of tents"
Gamma Aquarii
22h 21' 39
-1 23' 14
158 3.8 A0 V Blue White
Main Sequence
Part of "The Tent"
including Zeta, Eta
and Pi Aquarii
Skat
aka - Scheat - "shin"
Delta Aquarii
22h 54' 39
-15 49' 15
159 3.3 A3 V Blue White
Main Sequence
Aquila uh QUILL uh The Eagle
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Altair
pronounced: "ALL-tare"
Alpha Aquillae
19h 50' 47
+08 52' 6
16.8 .8 A7 IV-V Blue White
Sub-Giant
part of the
- Summer Triangle -
Among the Closest stars
*
Alshain
Beta Aquillae
19h 55' 19
+6 24' 24
45 3.7
( 4 + 11 )
G8 IV Yellow Sub-Giant
1 Faint Companion
Tarazed
say: "TAR ah zed"
Gamma Aquillae
19h 46' 15
+10 36' 48
460 2.7 K3 II Orange
Bright Giant
Aries AIR ease The Ram
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Hamal
say: "ha MALL"
means: "lamb"
Alpha Arietis
2h 7' 10
+23 27' 45
66 2.01 K2 III Orange Giant Forms flat
scalene triangle
with Beta and Gamma
Sheratan
means: "two signs"
Beta Arietis
1h 54' 38
+20 48' 29
60 2.64 A5 V Blue White
Main Sequence
Gamma 1 Arietis
Mesarthim
Gamma 2 Arietis
1h 53' 32
+19 17' 40
205 3.88
4.58
B9 V
A1
Blue - Blue White
Main Sequence
Orbital
Binary
Auriga or EE gah The Charioteer
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
*
Capella
say: "ka-PELL-ah"
means: "little she-goat"
Alpha Aurigae
5h 16' 41.3
+45 59' 53
42 .08
10
G5III
+G0III
Yellow Giant
1 Faint Companion
6th Brightest Star
half way between
Celestial Equator and
North Celestial Pole
Menkalinan
"rein-holder's shoulder"
Beta Aurigae
5h 59' 31.7
+44 56' 51
82 1.90 A2 IV Blue White
Bright Giant
1 Faint Companion
Eclipsing Binary
Variable Brightness
Bootes bo OH teez The Herdsman
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Arcturus
say: "ark-TOUR-us"
aka - Algon
Alpha Bootis
14h 15' 40
+19 10' 57
36.7 -.05 K1 III Yellow Orange
Giant
4th Brightest
- bright enough to
see its orange color
Nekkar
means: "ox-driver"
Beta Bootis
15h 1' 57
+40 23' 26
220 3.5 G8 III Yellow Giant Marks top of
The Kite
Seginus
Gamma Bootis
14h 32' 5
+38 18' 29
85 3 A7 III Blue White
Giant

Izar
aka - Pulcherrima
Epsilon Bootis
14h 44' 59
+27 4' 30
210 2.6
3 and 5
K0 II-III
A0 V
Orange Giant Binary
Blue Main Sequence
Triple Star
appears Gold and Green
Mu 1 Bootis
Alkalurops
"herdsman's staff"
Mu 2A Bootis
Mu 2B Bootis
15h 24' 30
+37 20' 40
121 4.3 F0 V White
Main Sequence
2 Faint Companions
15h 24' 31
+37 20' 51
122 7.1
7.7
G1 V
G2 V
Yellow Binary
Main Sequence
Xi 1 Bootis
Xi 2 Bootis
14h 52' 23
+19 6' 3
21.8 4.5
7
G8 V
K4 V
Yellow and Orange
Main Sequence
Orbital Binary
Cancer CAN sir The Crab
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Acubens
Arabic: "claws"
Alpha Cancri
8h 58' 29
+11 51' 28
173 4.3 A5 V Blue White
Main Sequence
Al Tarf
Arabic: "the end"
Beta Cancri
8h 16' 31
+9 11' 8
290 3.5 K4 III Orange
Giant
Asellus
Borealis
"northern ass"
Gamma Cancri
8h 43' 17
+21 28' 6
158 4.7 A1 V Blue White
Main Sequence
Asellus
Australis
"southern ass"
Delta Cancri
8h 44' 41
+18 9' 15
136 3.9 K0 III Orange
Giant
Canes Venatici KAY knees vee NAT eh see The Hunting Dogs
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.

Alpha Cavey
Cor Caroli
means: "Charles' heart"
aka - Asterion
means: "starry one"
12h 56' 1
+38 19
82 5.6
2.9
F0V
A0
White and Blue White
Main Sequence
Orbital Binary
Chara
means: "beloved"
Beta Canum
Venaticorum
12h 33' 45
+41 21' 27
27 4.3 G0 V Yellow
Main Sequence
One of the
Closest Stars
Canis Major KAY nis MAY jor The Greater Dog
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.

Sirius
say: "SEE-ree-us"
aka - Isis - The Dog Star
Alpha
Canis Majoris
6h 45' 9
-16 42' 58
8.6 -1.5 A1 V Blue-White
Sub-Giant
1 Companion
White Dwarf
Brightest Star
5th Closest
shone bright Red
only 2000 yrs. ago
Sirius B
"The Pup"
aka - The Dogon Star
- . . . Close orbiting
White Dwarf
50 year orbit of Sirius
Dogon tribe of Africa
has ancient knowledge of
Mirzam
Nose of the Dog
Beta Canis Majoris
6h 22' 42
-17 57' 22
499 2 B1 II-III Blue Giant slightly variable
Muliphen
Ear of the Dog
Gamma Canis Majoris
7h 3' 45
-15 38' 0
403 4.1 B8 II Blue Giant
Wezen
means: "the weight"
Delta Canis Majoris
7h 8' 23
-26 23' 35
1800 1.8 F8 Ia White
Supergiant
Adhara
means: "the virgins"
Epsilon Canis Majoris
6h 58' 37
-28 58' 20
430 1.5 B2 II Blue Giant
Aludra
means: "virginity"
Tail of the Dog
Eta Canis Majoris
7h 24' 6
-29 18' 11
3200 2.4 B5 Ia Blue
Supergiant
Canis Minor KAY nis MY nor The Lesser Dog
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Procyon
say: "pro-SIGH-on"
Alpha Canis Minoris
7h 39' 18.1
+5 13' 30
11.3 .4 F5 IV Yellow-White
Sub-Giant
1 Companion
White Dwarf
8th Brightest
star in the sky
14th Nearest known
Gomeisa
say: "go-MAY-sa"
Beta Canis Minoris
7h 27' 9
+8 17' 21
170 2.89 B8 V Blue
Main Sequence
Capricorn cap ri CORN us The Sea Goat
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Alpha 1 Capricorni
Geidi Prima
Algeidi
Arabic for: "the kid"
Geidi Secunda
Alpha 2 Capricorni
20h 17' 38.8
-12 30' 30
690 4.3 G3 Ib Yellow Supergiant
9th mag companion
Optical double
almost exact line of sight
from our perspective
each doubles themselves
20h 18' 3.2
-12 32' 42
109 3.6 G8 III Yellow Giant
11th mag companion
Beta 1 Capricorni
Dabih
Arabic "lucky star
of the slaughterer"
Beta 2 Capricorni
20h 21' 0
-14 46' 53
340 3 G5 II Yellow
Bright Giant
20h 20' 46.5
-14 47' 6
310 6.2
9.0
B9.5 III/IV
F8
Double Star
Blue Giant
and White Dwarf
Nashira
Arabic: "fortunate one"
Gamma Capri
21h 40' 5
-16 39' 45
139 3.7 A7 III Blue White
Giant
marks tail
of the goat
with Delta Cap
Deneb Algedi
Arabic: "tail of the goat"
Delta Capri
21h 47' 2
-16 7' 38
39 2.9 A5 Blue White
Main Sequence
Neptune discovered
near this star
Sept 23, 1846
Carina car EE nah The Keel
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Canopus
can OH puss
Alpha Carinae
6h 23' 57.2
-52 41' 44
310 -.62 F0 Ib Yellow-White
Supergiant
2nd Brightest star in
our sky (after Sirius)
among closest Supergiants
Miaplacidus
MEE ah PLA sid us
Beta Carinae
9h 13' 12.1
-69 43' 2
111 1.67 A2 IV Blue-White
Sub Giant
Avior
AY vee or
Epsilon Carinae
8h 22' 30.8
-59 30' 34
630 1.86 K3 III
B2 V
Orange Giant
Blue Main Seq
Cassiopeia KASS ee oh PEE uh The Queen
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Schedar
Arabic: "beast"
Alpha Cassiopeiae
0h 40' 30.4
+56 32' 15
230 2.24 K0 III Orange
Giant
Caph
Arabic: "hand"
Beta Cassiopeiae
0h 9' 10.6
+59 8' 59
54 2.28 F2 III-IV White
Sub Giant
Cih
Chinese: "whip"
Gamma Cassiopeiae
0h 56' 42.4
+60 43' 0
610 2.15
1.6 to 3
B0 IV Blue
Sub Giant
Unpredictable
Variable Star
with faint nebulosities
Ruchbah
Arabic: "knee"
Delta Cassiopeiae
1h 25' 48.9
+60 14' 7
99 2.66 A5 III-IV Blue White
Main Sequence
Segin
Epsilon Cassiopeiae
1h 54' 23.6
+63 40' 13
440 3.35 B3 III Blue
Giant
ACHIRD
Eta 1 Cassiopeiae
Eta 2 Cassiopeiae
0h 49' 6
+57 48' 56
19.4
3.58
3.4
7.36
G0 V Yellow
Main Sequence
One of the
Nearest Systems
with one faint
Orange Dwarf
Companion
0h 49' 6
+57 48' 57
K7 V
(M0 V)
Orange
Main Sequence
Mu
Cassiopeiae
1h 8' 16.3
+54 55' 14
24.6 5.17 G5 V Yellow
Main Sequence
One of the
Nearest Stars
Centaurus sen TAR us The Centaur
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Alpha
Centauri
aka - Rigel Kentaurus
Toliman, Bungula
14h
39'
36.2

-60
50'
7
4.4 - .3
A = 0
B = 1.35
G2 V
K1 V
Binary
of Yellow
and Orange
Main Sequence
Closest System
3rd Brightest
80.1 year orbit
Proxima
aka - Proxima Centauri
Alpha Centauri C
4.3 11 M5 Red Dwarf Orbits the Alpha
Centauri Binary
at .1 ly distance
Agena
aka - Hadar
Beta Centauri
14h 3' 49.4
-60 22' 22
525 .6
1 and 4
B1 III Blue Giant
Double Star
11th Brightest
Cepheus SEE fee us The King
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Alderamin
al DER ah min
"forearm, shoulder"
Alpha Cephei
21h 18' 34.7
+62 35' 8
49 2.45 A7 IV-V Blue White
Giant
Alfirk
"flock of sheep"
Beta Cephei
21h 28' 39.5
+70 33' 39
600 3.23
8
B2 IV
A3
Blue Sub Giant
and Blue White
Main Sequence
Double Star
brighter Giant
is slightly variable
Er Rai
"the shepherd"
Gamma Cephei
23h 39' 20.8
+77 37' 57
45 3.21 K1 IV Orange Yellow
Sub Giant
Delta A
Delta Cephei
Delta B
22h 29' 10.2
+58 24' 55
980 3.50 F5 Ib
- G1 Ib
Yellow - White
Supergiant
Regular Variable
( 5 days, 9 hours )
Prototype for
Cephid Variables
how we can measure
vast distances in space
22h 29' 9.2
+58 24' 15
950 6.31 A0 V Blue White
Main Sequence
Mu Cephei
The Garnet Star
21h 43' 30.3
+58 46' 48
3300s 4.23
3.6 - 5.1
M2 Ia Variable
Red Supergiant
North star of Mars
and one of the reddest
visible to the naked eye
Cetus SEE tuss The Whale
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Menkar
Arabic: "nostrils, nose"
Alpha Ceti
3h 2' 16.7
+4 5' 23
220 2.54 M2 III Red
Giant
Ceti Alpha 5
was featured in
- Star Trek II -
The Wrath of Khan
Diphda
aka - Deneb Kaitos
"the sea-monster's tail"
Beta Ceti
0h 43' 35.3
-17 59' 12
96 2.04 K0 III Orange
Giant
Kaffaljidhma
"sea-monster's head"
Gamma Ceti
2h 43' 18
+3 14' 9
82 3.47
3.7 + 6.4
A3 V
F7
Blue White
and White
Main Sequence
Kappa 1
Ceti
3h 19' 21.6
+3 22' 13
30 4.84 G5 V Yellow
Main Sequence
Mira
Omicron Ceti
2h 19' 20.7
-2 58' 39
420 3.45
( 2 - 10 )
M6 III Red Giant Variable Star
331.65 Day Cycle
Star Trek - the spores
Tau Ceti
1h 44' 4
-15 56' 15
11.9 3.49 G8 V Yellow
Dwarf
18th Nearest - and
most similar to ours
of all nearby stars
Columba koh LUM bah The Dove
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Phakt
Arabic: "dove"
Alpha Columbae
5h 39' 38.9
-34 4' 27
270 2.65 B7 IV Blue
Sub Giant
Wazn
Arabic: "weight"
Beta Columbae
5h 50' 57.5
-35 46' 6
86 3.1 K1.5 III Orange
Giant
Coma Berenices KO ma bare eh NEE seez Berenice's Hair
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Diadem
Alpha
Comae Berenices
13h 9' 59.2
+17 31' 46
47 4.3
5 + 5
F5 V
F5 V
2 White
Main Sequence
Binary System
in a 25.8 year
mutual orbit
Beta Comae
Berenices
13h 11' 52.3
+27 52' 41
30 4.23 G0 V Yellow
Main Sequence
Just slightly brighter
than our own sun
Corona Borealis kor OH nah bore ee AL iss The Northern Crown
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Gemma
aka - Alphecca
Arabic: "The Gem"
Alpha Coronae Borealis
15h 34' 41.2
+26 42' 53
75 2.22v G5 V
A0 V
Yellow and
Blue White
Main Sequence
Eclipsing Binary
17.3 year orbit
- appears green -
Nusakan
Arabic: "two lines"
Beta Coronae Borealis
15h 27' 49.7
+29 6' 20
114 3.66 F0 White
Main Sequence
Corvus KOR vus The Crow
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Al Chiba
means: "the tent"
Alpha Corvi
12h 8' 24.7
-24 43' 44
48 4.02 F0 IV-V White
Sub Giant
Beta Corvi 12h 34' 23.2
-23 23' 48
140 2.65 G5 II Yellow White
Bright Giant
Gienah
means: "wing"
Gamma Corvi
12h 15' 48.3
-17 32' 31
165 2.58 B8 III Blue
Giant
Algorab
means: "raven's wing"
Delta Corvi
12h 29' 51.8
-16 30' 56
88 4.6
2.94 + 8.4
B9.5 V
K2
Blue and Orange
Main Sequence
Double Star
Contrasting Colors
Minkar
Epsilon Corvi
12h 10' 7.4
-22 37' 11
300 3 K2 III Orange
Giant
Crater KRAY ter The Cup
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Alkes
"wine cup"
Alpha Crateris
10h 59' 46.4
-18 17' 56
174 4.08 K0 III Orange Giant
Crux KRUX The Southern Cross
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Alpha 1 Crucis
Acrux
Alpha 2 Crucis
12h 26' 35.9
-63 5' 56
320 1.2 B0.5 IV Blue
Sub Giant
Wide Double
5" apart
12h 26' 36.5
-63 5' 58
1.64 B1 V Blue
Main Sequence
Mimosa
means: "actor"
Beta Crucis
12h 47' 43.3
-59 41' 19
350 1.25 B0.5 III Blue Giant Mimosa is also
a genus of
tropical plants
Gamma A Crucis
Gacrux
Gamma B Crucis
12h 31' 9.9
-57 6 47
88 1.59 M4 III Red Giant Optical Binary
12h 31' 16.7
-57 4' 51
780 6.39 A3 V Blue White
Main Sequence
Cygnus SIG nus The Swan
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Deneb
deh NEB
means: "tail"
Alpha Cygni
20h 41' 25.8
+45 16' 49
3200 1.25 A2 Ia Blue White
Supergiant
- Summer Triangle -
we move toward Deneb
at 250 km per second

Beta 1A Cygni
Beta 1B Cygni
Albireo
al BEER ee oh
"Bill of the Swan"
Beta 2 Cygni
19h 30' 43.2
+27 57' 35
380 3.1
3.36 + 5.48
K3 II
B0.5V(i-)
Gold Giant and
Blue Main Sequence
orbit each other
while another
Blue Main Sequence
orbits the pair
- appears green -
Orbital Trinary
Very Interesting
Triple Star System
19h 30' 45.2
+27 57' 55
5.12 B8 V Wide Orbital
of 1A and 1B
Sadir
aka - Sadr
means: "breast"
Gamma Cygni
20h 22' 13.6
+40 15' 24
1500 2.23 F8 Ib White
Supergiant
Gienah
means: "wing"
Epsilon Cygni
20h 46' 12.6
+33 58' 13
72 2.48 K0 III Orange
Giant
61 A Cygni
Oompa
& Loompa
61 B Cygni
21h 6' 53.7
+38 44' 57
11.4 5.20 K5 V Wide pair of
Orange Dwarfs
One of Closest
Star Systems
21h 6' 55.2
+38 44' 30
6.05 K7 V
Delphinus del FY nus The Dolphin
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Sualocin
Nicolaus reversed
Alpha Delphini
20h 39' 38.2
+15 54' 43
240 3.77 B9 V Blue
Main Sequence
Latinized and reversed,
in 1814, these stars were
clandestinely named
after Niccolo Cacciatore
assistant director for the
Palermo Observatory
Rotanev
Ventaor reversed
Beta Delphini
20h 37' 32.9
+14 35' 43
97 3.64 F5 IV White Giant
Draco DRAY ko The Dragon
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Thuban
Alpha Draconis
14h 4' 23.2
+64 22' 33
310 3.67 A0 III Blue White
Giant
was our Polestar
4000 years ago
Rastaban
"Head of the Dragon"
Beta Draconis
17h 30' 25.8
+52 18' 5
360 2.79 G2 II Yellow
Bright Giant
Eltanin
Gamma Draconis
17h 56' 36.3
+51 29' 20
148 2.24 K5 III Orange Giant
Nodus II
"Second Knot"
aka - Altais
Delta Draconis
19h 12' 33.1
+67 39' 42
100 3.07 G9 III Yellow Giant
Nodus I
"First Knot"
Zeta Draconis
17h 8' 47.1
+65 42' 53
349 3.17 B6 III Blue Giant
Giansar
Lambda Draconis
11h 31' 24.2
+69 19' 52
330 3.82 M0 III Red Giant
Sigma
Draconis
19h 32' 21.5
+69 39' 40
18.8 3.55 K0 V Orange
Main Sequence
Chi
Draconis
18h 21' 3.2
+72 43' 58
26 4.67 F7 V White
Main Sequence
Equuleus eh KWOO lee us The Little Horse
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Kitalpha
Alpha Equulei
21h 15' 49.3
+5 14' 52
186 3.92 G0 III
A5 V
Yellow Giant +
Blue White Main Seq
Eridanus eh RID en us The River
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Achernar
means: "river's end"
Alpha Eridani
1h 37' 42.9
-57 14' 12
144 .5 B3 V Blue
Main Sequence
only visible
south of 30 N
Cursa
"giant's footstool"
Beta Eridani
5h 7' 50.9
-5 5' 11
89 2.8 A3 III Blue White
Giant
Zurak
means "boat"
Gamma Eridani
3h 58' 1.7
-13 30' 3
220 3 M1 III Red
Giant
Rana
Delta Eridani
3h 43' 14.8
-9 45' 48
29.5 3.5 K0 IV Orange
Sub Giant
Epsilon
Eridani
3h 32' 55.8
-9 27' 30
10.5 3.72 K2 V Orange
Main Sequence
9th Closest
Zibal
means "ostriches"
Zeta Eridani
3h 15' 49.9
-8 49' 11
120 4.8 A5 Blue White
Azha
means "ostrich nest"
Eta Eridani
2h 56' 25.6
-8 53' 53
133 3.89 K1 III-IV Orange Giant
Theta 1 Eridani
Acamar
means "River's End"
Theta 2 Eridani
2h 58' 15.6
-40 18' 17
161 3.28
4.36
A4 III
A1 V
Blue White
Giant + Main Seq
Wide Orbital
Binary System
2h 58' 16.2
-40 18' 16
Omicron 2
Eridani
4h 15' 16.3
-7 39' 10
16.4 4.43 K1V Orange
Main Sequence
One of the
Closest Stars
e Eridani
3h 19' 55.7
-43 4' 11
20 4.26 G8 V Yellow
Main Sequence
One of the
Closest Stars
p Eridani
1h 39' 47.2
-56 11' 44
27 5.76 K0 V Orange
Main Sequence
One of the
Closest Stars
Gemini GEM in eye The Twins
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.


Castor
Alpha 1 Geminorum
Alpha 2 Geminorum
Alpha 3 Geminorum
7h 34' 35.9
+31 53' 18
52 1.6
1.93
2.97
9.83v
A2 V
A1 V
M1 V
2 pairs of
Blue White
Sub Giants
and 1 pair of
Red Dwarfs
Triple Binary Syatem
Six stars total
- in a complex
orbital pattern
7h 34' 37.6
+31 52' 11
Pollux
Beta Geminorum
7h 45' 18.9
+28 1' 34
33.7 1.16 K0 III Orange Giant
Alhena
Gamma Geminorum
6h 37' 42.7
+16 23' 57
105 1.93 A0 IV Blue White
Sub Giant
Wasat
Delta Geminorum
7h 20' 7.3
+21 58' 56
59 3.5
8
F0 IV
?
White Sub Giant
1 Faint Companion
Pluto discovered
near this star, 1930
Grus GROOSE The Crane
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Al Nair
means: "bright one"
Alpha Gruis
22h 8' 13.9
-46 57' 40
101 1.73 B7 IV Blue
Sub GIant
Formerly the Tail
of the Southern Fish
Hercules HER cue leez The Strongman
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.

Alpha 1 Herculis
Ras Algathi
means: "kneeler's head"
Alpha 2a Herculis
Alpha 2b Herculis
17h 14' 38.8
+14 23' 25
380 3 M5 II Red Sub Giant - Sequential Trinary -
Red is erratic variable
Yellow star appears
Green by contrast
17h 14' 39.1
+14 23' 24
5 G5 III
F2 V
Yellow Giant
White Main Seq
Ruticulis
aka - Kornephoros
Beta Herculis
16h 30' 13.1
+21 29' 22
162 2.78 G8 III Yellow
Giant
Mu Herculis
17h 46' 27.5
+27 43' 15
27.4 3.42 G5 IV Yellow
Sub Giant
Hydra HI dra The Sea Serpent
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Alphard
"the solitary one"
Alpha Hydrae
9h 27' 35.2
-8 39' 31
177 2 K3 II-III Orange Giant
Hydrus HI druss Lesser Water Snake
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Beta Hydra
0h 25' 45.3
-77 15' 16
24.4 2.82 G2 IV Yellow
Sub Giant
Indus IN duss The Indian
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Epsilon Indi
22h 3' 21.3
-56 47' 10
11.8 4.69 K5 V Orange
Main Sequence
One of the Nearest
stars to our Sun
Leo LEE oh The Lion
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Alpha A Leonis
Regulus
REG you luss
aka - Cor Leonis
Alpha B Leonis
10h 8' 22.3
+11 58' 2
77 1.36 B7 V Blue
Main Sequence
Among Brightest
stars in the sky
- Right on Ecliptic -
comp contrasts Aqua
and adds to twinkle
10h 8' 12.9
+11 59' 49
68 8.03 G Yellow Dwarf
Faint Companion
Denebola
Beta Leonis
11h 49' 3.5
+14 34' 19
36 2.14 A3 V Blue White
Main Sequence

Gamma 1 Leonis
Algieba
"the forehead"
Gamma 2 Leonis
10h 19' 58.3
+19 50' 30
126 2.49 K0 III Orange
Giant
10h 19' 58.6
+19 50' 25
3.64 G7 III Yellow
Giant
Zosma
"the girdle"
Delta Leonis
11h 14' 6.4
+20 31' 25
58 2.56 A4 V Blue White
Main Sequence
Lepus LEE pus The Hare
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Arneb
means: "hare"
Alpha Leporis
5h 32' 43.7
-17 49' 20
1280 2.58 F0 Ib White Supergiant
Nihal
"drinking camels"
Beta Leporis
5h 28' 14.7
-20 45' 34
159 2.81 G5 II Yellow
Giant
Crimson Star
R Leporis
4h 59' 36.4
-14 28' 21
820 ~ 8
5.5 - 10.5
C7 Rare Carbon Star
- 432 day Variable -
Libra LEE bra The Scales
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.

Alpha 1 Librae
Zubenelgenubi
"southern claw"
Alpha 2 Librae
14h 50' 41.1
-15 59' 50
77 5.15 F3 V White
Main Sequence
Possible Wide
Orbital Binary
- right on Ecliptic -
14h 50' 52.6
-16 2' 31
2.75 A3 IV Blue White
Sub Giant
Zubenelschamali
"northern claw"
Beta Librae
15h 17' 0.3
-9 22' 59
160 2.61 B8 V Blue
Main Sequence
Zubenelakrab
"scorpion's claw"
Gamma Librae
15h 35' 31.5
-14 47' 22
152 3.91 K0 III Orange
Bright Giant
Ga Librae
Gb Librae
14h 57' 28
-21 24' 56
19.3 5.74 K4V Orange
Main Sequence
8.18 K9V Orange
Main Sequence
Lyra LEER - ah The Harp
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Vega
VAY - ga
"eagle" or "vulture"
Alpha Lyrae
18h 36' 56.2
+38 47' 1
25.3 .03 A0 V Blue White
Main Sequence
- Summer Triangle -
one of closest stars
Sheliak
means "harp"
aka - Beta Struve
Beta Lyrae
18h 50' 4.7
+33 21' 46
880 3.52 B7 V
A8 (i+)
Blue and Blue White
Main Sequence
Close Orbital Binary
in a 12 day orbit
gas stream exchange
Sulaphat
means "tortoise"
Gamma Lyrae
18h 58' 56.5
+32 41' 22
630 3.25 B9 III
(i+)
Blue Giant
Monoceros mon O se rose The Unicorn
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.

Beta
Monocerotis
Beta Mon A
Beta Mon B
Beta Mon C
Beta Mon D
6h 28' 48.9
-7 1' 59
690 3.8

4.63
4.90
5.38
12
B3V Blue Main
Sequence
Trinary System
with at least one
Faint Companion
- backyard favorite -
6h 28' 49.4
-7 2' 4
6h 28' 49.4
-7 2' 4
-
Octans OCK tans The Octant
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Sigma
Octantis
21h 8' 44.8
-88 57' 24
270 5.45 F0III White
Giant
Southern Polestar
about 1 from the
Southern Celestial Pole
Tau
Octantis
23h 28' 3.9
-87 28' 57
520 5.50 K2III Orange
Giant
Tau and Chi form a near
Equilateral Triangle with the
Southern Celestial Pole
with Sigma in the center
Chi
Octantis
18h 54' 44.3
-87 36' 21
250 5.29 K3III Orange
Giant
Ophiuchus oh fee YOU kuss The Serpent Bearer
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Ras Alhague
means: "Head of the
Serpent Collector"
Alpha Ophiuchi
17h 34' 56
+12 33' 36
47 2.08 A5III Blue White
Giant
Cebelrai
"The Shepherd's Dog"
Beta Ophiuchi
17h 43' 28.3
+4 34' 2
82 2.76 K2 III Orange Giant
Gamma
Ophiuchi
17h 47' 53.5
+2 42' 26
95 3.75 A0V Blue White
Main Sequence
Yed Prior
"The Leading Hand"
Delta Ophiuchi
16h 14' 20.6
-3 41' 40
170 2.73 M1III Red Giant Hands of the
Serpent Bearer
- Unrelated Pair -
on the border of
the constellation
Yed Posterior
"The Following Hand"
Epsilon Ophiuchi
16h 18' 19.2
-4 41' 33
107 3.23 G8III Yellow
Giant
Sabik
Eta Ophiuchi
17h 10' 22.6
-15 43' 29
84 2.43 A2V Blue White
Main Sequence
Marfik
Lambda Ophiuchi
Lambda A
Lambda B
16h 30' 54.7
+1 59' 2
166 4.18 A0V Blue White
Main Sequence
5.22 A4V Blue White
Main Sequence
36 A
36 Ophiuchi
36 B
17h 15' 20.9
-26 36' 10
19.5 5.22 K2V Orange
Main Sequence
Binary
Among Closest
17h 15' 20.7
-26 36' 5
5.21 K0V
70 A
70 Ophiuchi
70 B
18h 5' 27.2
+2 29' 58
16.6 4.33
6.17
K0V
K4V
Orange
Main Sequence
Among Closest
RS
Ophiuchi
~ 17h 40'
~ -3
? 11 ? ? Rare class of
Recurrent Novas
Barney
Barnard's Star
~ 17h 50'
~ +4
6.1 9.54 M4V Red
Main Sequence
2nd Closest Star
Largest Proper Motion
2 planets suspected
- likely Gas Giants -
Orion oh RYE in The Hunter
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
*..*.
Betelgeuse
BET el jooze
- not "Beetle Juice"
"House of the Twins"
Alpha Orionis
5h 55' 10.3
+7 24' 55
430 0.45 M2Ib Red
Supergiant
Eastern Shoulder
Among Brightest
Larger in diameter
than the orbit of Venus
5 Very Faint
Companions
.
..
Rigel
Arabic der.: "Foot"
Beta Orionis
5h 14' 32.3
-8 12' 6
770 0.18 B8Ia Blue
Supergiant
Among Brightest
3 Very Faint
Companions
Bellatrix
Amazon Warrior's name
Gamma Orionis
5h 25' 7.8
+6 20' 59
240 1.64 B2III Blue
Giant
Western Shoulder
Delta 1 Orionis
Mintaka
Arabic "belt"
Delta 2 Orionis
5h 32' 0.3
-0 17' 57
920 2.25 09.5II+ Blue
Bright Giant
Double Star
Unrelated
Spectroscopic Binary
Western Star in
Orion's Belt
5h 32' 0.4
-0 17' 4
920s 6.77 B2V Blue
Main Sequence
Alnilam
"String of Pearls"
Epsilon Orionis
5h 36' 12.7
-1 12' 7
1300 1.69 B0Iae Blue
Supergiant
Middle Star in
Orion's Belt
Alnitak
Arabic "Belt"
Zeta Orionis
5h 40' 45.5
-1 56' 34
820 1.82 O9.5Ib Blue
Supergiant
Eastern Star
in Orion's Belt
3.95 B0III Blue
Giant



Theta 1A
Theta 1B
Theta 1C
Theta 1D
Theta 1 Orionis
The Trapezium
Theta 2 Orionis
Theta 2A
Theta 2B
5h 35' 16.4
-5 23' 23
1500s 4.96 O6 Blue
Main Sequence
The Trapezium
is a multiple
star grouping
surrounded by
the Orion Nebula
- M42 and M43 -
and outlines the
Sword of Orion
5h 36' 16
-5 23' 7
7.49v B0V
A5
Blue & Blue White
Main Sequence
5h 35' 17.2
-5 23' 13
6.35 B0.5V Blue
Main Sequence
5h 35' 15.8
-5 23' 14
7.20 O7 Blue
Main Sequence
5h 35' 22.8
-5 24' 58
1900s 4.98 O9.5V Blue
Main Sequence
5h 35' 26.3
-5 24' 58
6.02 B1V Blue
Main Sequence
Saiph
Kappa Orionis
5h 47' 45.3
-9 40' 11
720 2.07 B0.5Ia Blue
Supergiant
Lambda 1
Meissa
Lambda Orionis
Lambda 2
5h 35' 8.2
+9 56' 3
1060 3.50 O8 Blue
Main Sequence
5h 35' 8.4
+9 56' 6
5.45 B0.5V Blue
Main Sequence
Chi 1
Orionis
5h 54' 22.9
+20 16' 34
28 4.39 G0V Yellow
Main Sequence
Pavo PAH vo The Peacock
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Peacock
Alpha Pavonis
20h 25' 38.8
-56 44' 7
183 1.94 B2IV Blue
Sub Giant
Delta
Pavonis
20h 8' 43.2
-66 10' 56
19.9 3.55 G5V-IV Yellow
Sub Giant
Pegasus PEG a suss The Winged Horse
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Markab
"horse's shoulder"
Alpha Pegasi
23h 4' 45.6
15 12' 19
140 2.49
( 2 - 3 )
B9V Blue
Main Sequence
Irregular Variable
SW Corner of
The Great Square
Scheat
means: "shin"
Beta Pegasi
23h 3' 46.4
28 4' 58
199 2.44 M2II-III Red
Bright Giant
NW Corner of
The Great Square
Algenib
Arabic: "the side"
Gamma Pegasi
0h 13' 14.1
15 11' 1
330 2.83 B2IV Blue
Sub Giant
SE Corner of
The Great Square
*
Enif
Arabic: "nose"
Epsilon Pegasi
21h 44' 11.1
9 52' 30
670 2.38
8 and 11
K2Ib Orange
Supergiant
2 Faint
Companions
Homam
Arabic: "hero"
Zeta Pegasi
22h 41' 27.6
10 49' 53
210 3.41 B8.5V Blue
Main Sequence
Middle of the
Neck of the Horse
* *
Matar
Eta Pegasi
22h 43' 0.1
30 13' 17
215 2.93
8 + 11
G2II-III
F0V
Yellow Bright Giant
2 White Main Sequence
Middle of the
Neck of the Horse
2 Faint Companions
Biham
Arabic: "young beasts"
Theta Pegasi
22h 10' 11.9
6 11' 52
97 3.52 A2V Blue White
Main Sequence
marks top of the
Head of the Horse
Sadalbari
"excelling one"
Mu Pegasi
22h 50' 0.1
24 36' 6
117 3.51 G8III Yellow Giant marks one of the
Legs of the Horse
51 Peg
51 Pegasi
22h 57' 27.9
20 46' 8
50 5.45 G5V Yellow
Main Sequence
Very similar
to our own sun
first Extrasolar
Planets Discovered
Perseus PER see us The Champion
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Algenib
means: "the side"
also Mirfak
Alpha Persei
3h 24' 19.3
+49 51' 41
590 1.79 F5Ib White
Supergiant
part of the
Alpha Persei Group
attractive star cluster
Algol
means: "demon head"
aka "Demon Star"
or "The Ghoul"
Beta Persei
3h 8' 10.1
+40 57' 21
93 2.09 B8V
G5IV
Blue Main Seq.
Yellow Sub Giant
prototype for
Eclipsing Binary
class of variable stars
every 2 days, 21 hours
dims to 3.3 for 10 hrs
Menkib
Arabic: "shoulder"
Xi Persei
3h 58' 57.8
+35 47' 28
1770 3.98 O7.5Iab Blue
Supergiant
Atik
Arabic: "collarbone"
Omicron Persei
3h 44' 19.1
+32 17' 18
1500 3.84 B1III Blue Giant
Phoenix FEE nix The Bird of Resurrection
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Ankaa
aka: Nair Al Zaurak
"bright one of the boat"
Alpha Phoenicis
0h 26' 17
-42 18' 22
77 2.4 K0III Orange
Giant
Once associated
with Eridanus
"The River"
Pictor PIC tor The Painter
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
The Captain
Kapteyn's Star
- 12.7 9 M Red Dwarf 2nd Largest
Proper Motion
414 years per 1
Pisces PIE sees The Fishes
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Alpha 1 Piscium
Alrisha
aka: Alrescha, Al Rischa
"the knot" - "the cord"
Alpha 2 Piscium
2h 2' 2.7
+2 45' 49
139 4.16
5.28
A0
A3
Blue White
Dwarf Binary
ties the 2 fish together
-
pair is currently
closing together
Pisces Austrinus PIE sees awes TREE nuss The Southern Fish
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Fomalhaut
"fish's mouth"
Alpha Pisces Austrini
22h 57' 39.0
-29 37' 20
25 1.17 A3V Blue White
Main Sequence
- among brightest -
only 1st mag star
in this part of the sky
Puppis PUP iss The Stern, or Poop Deck
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Naos
Greek: "ship"
Zeta Puppis
- 1400 2.21 O5I Blue Supergiant one of the hottest and
most luminous stars
in the Milky Way galaxy
- 60,000 times the sun -
Tureis
Arabic: "little shield"
Rho Puppis
8h 7' 32.6
-24 18' 15
63 2.83 F6II White Bright Giant
Reticulum reh TICK you lum The Net
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Zeta 1 Reticuli
Zeta Reticuli
Zeta 2 Reticuli
3h 17' 46.1
-62 34' 32
40
39
5.53
5.24
G2V
G2V
Yellow
Main Sequence
Wide Binary
Home
of the
Grays
3h 18' 12.8
-62 30' 23
Sagittarius SA jit TARE ee uss The Archer
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Rukbat
Arabic: "knee"
Alpha Sagittarii
19h 23' 53
-40 36' 58
170 3.96 B8V Blue
Main Sequence
featured in the
Dragonriders of Pern
series of sci-fi books
Beta 1 Sagittarii
Arkab
Arabic: "Achilles tendon"
Beta 2 Sagittarii
19h 22' 38.2
-44 27' 32
380 3.96
4.27
B9V
F2III
Blue Main Seq
White Giant
19h 23' 13.1
-44 47' 59
139
Alnasl
Arabic: "the point"
Gamma Sagittarii
18h 5' 48.4
-30 25' 27
96 2.98 K0III Orange
Giant
Kaus Media
aka Kaus Meridionalis
Arb. "bow" + Lat. "middle"
Delta Sagittarii
18h 20' 59.6
-29 49' 41
310 2.72 K3III Orange
Giant
Kaus Australis
"southern star of the bow"
Epsilon Sagittarii
18h 24' 10.3
-34 23' 5
145 1.79 B9.5III Blue
Giant
Zeta 1 Sagittarii
Zeta 2 Sagittarii
19h 2' 36.6
-29 52' 49
89 3.27
3.48
A2III
A4IV
Blue White Giant
Blue White Sub Giant
Kaus Borealis
"northern star of the bow"
Lambda Sagittarii
18h 27' 58.1
-25 25' 18
77 2.82 K1III Orange
Giant
Nunki
Babylonian proper name
Sigma Sagittarii
18h 55' 15.8
-26 17' 48
220 2.05 B2.5V Blue
Main Sequence
thought by Babylonians to
be heavenly counterpart
to their city, Eridu
sacred to the god Ea
Scorpius SCORE pee us The Scorpion
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Alpha 1 Scorpii
Antares
an TAR eez
Greek: "rival of Mars"
Alpha 2 Scorpii
16h 29' 24.4
-26 25' 55
600 1.06 M1.5Iab-Ib Red Supergiant
Blue Main Seq.
Orbital Binary
faint Blue Alpha 2
appears green
in contrast to
bright Red Alpha 1
5.4 B3V
Beta 1 Scorpii
Acrab
Arabic: "scorpion"
aka - Graffias
means: "claws"
Beta 2 Scorpii
16h 5' 26.1
-19 48' 19
530 2.59 B1V
B2V
Blue Main Seq.
Orbital Binary
16h 5' 26.4
-19 48' 7
4.92
Dschubba
Arabic: "forehead"
Delta Scorpii
16h 0' 19.9
-22 37' 18
400 2.29 B2IV Blue
Sub Giant
marks the head
of the Scorpion
Epsilon Scorpii 16h 50' 9.7
-34 17' 36
65 2.28 K2III Orange Giant
Eta Scorpii 17h 12' 9.1
-43 14' 21
72 3.32 F3IV White
Sub Giant
Girtab
Sumerian: "scorpion"
Theta Scorpii
aka - Sargas
also Sumerian in origin
17h 37' 19
-42 59' 52
270 1.86 F1II White
Bright Giant
Shaula
Arabic: "the stinger"
Lambda Scorpii
17h 33' 36.4
-37 6' 13
700 1.62 B1.5IV Blue
Sub Giant
"The Spot" named for
blurry area formed by
Shaula and Lesath
(Upsilon and Lambda)
together mark the tail
of the Scorpion
Lesath
Latin x Arabic: "spot"
Upsilon Scorpii
17h 30' 45.7
-37 17' 45
520 2.70 B2IV Blue
Sub Giant
Al Niyat
Arabic: "arteries"
Sigma Scorpii
16h 21' 11.2
-25 35' 34
730 2.90 B2III
O9.5V
Blue Giant &
Blue Main Seq
The name Al Niyat
originally applied to
both Sigma and Tau
- on either side of
Antares, "the heart"
Tau Scorpii 16h 35' 52.9
-28 12' 58
430 2.82 B0V Blue
Main Sequence
Serpens SIR penz The Snake
Unukalhai
"serpent's neck"
Alpha Serpentis
15h 44' 16
+6 25' 32
73 2.63 K2 III Orange Giant
Theta 1 Serpentis
Alya
means: "tail"
Theta 2 Serpentis
18h 56' 13.1
+4 12' 13
132 4.62 A5 V Blue White
Main Sequence
Binary
18h 56' 14.5
+4 12' 7
4.98 A5 V
Taurus TOR us The Bull
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
*
Aldebaran
al DEB er on
"the follower"
Alpha Tauri
4h 35' 55.2
+16 30' 33
65 0.87
13
K5 III Orange Red Giant
1 Faint Companion
Adjacent to
but not part of
The Hyades
El Nath
"the butting one"
Beta Tauri
5h 26' 17.5
+28 36' 27
131 1.65 B7 III Blue Giant Often Considered
part of Auriga
Tip of Northern Horn
Ain
"bull's eye"
Epsilon Tauri
4h 28' 36.9
+19 10' 49
155 3.53 K0 III Orange Giant Opposite Aldebaran
in the V of Hyades
The Pleiades PLEE uh deez The 7 Sisters
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Alcyone
Eta Tauri
3h 47' 29
+24 6' 18
370 2.85 B7III Blue
Giant
Brightest star
of the Pleiades
Celaeno
16 Tauri
3h 44' 48.1
+24 17' 22
370 5.45 B7IV Blue
Sub Giant
M 45

Stellar Nursery
about 415 ly away
an
excellent example
of how some stars
are likely formed
and
one of the most
beautiful naked
eye objects
in the sky.

Appearing as
a Tiny Dipper,
most people can
make out five or six,
but it actually contains
hundreds of baby stars
9 of which are named
- the Seven Sisters
and their parents
- from Greek
Mythology

The entire cluster
is enveloped in
a faint blue nebulosity,
the remains of the cloud
from which they formed.
Electra
17 Tauri
3h 44' 52.5
+24 6' 48
330 3.72 B6III Blue
Giant
18 Tauri 3h 45' 9.7
+24 50' 21
370 5.66 B8V Blue
Main Sequence
Taygeta
19 Tauri
3h 45' 12.4
+24 28' 2
370 4.30 B6V Blue
Main Sequence
Maia
20 Tauri
3h 45' 49.5
+24 22' 4
360 3.87 B8III Blue
Giant

Asterope
21 Tauri
3h 45' 54.3
+24 33' 17
390 5.76 B8V Blue
Main Sequence
22 Tauri 3h 46' 2.8
+24 31' 41
350 6.43 A0V Blue
Main Sequence
Merope
23 Tauri
3h 46' 19.5
+23 56' 54
360 4.18 B6IV Blue
Sub Giant

Atlas
The Father
27 Tauri
3h 49' 9.7
+24 3' 12
380 3.62 B8III Blue
Giant
Pleione
The Mother
BU (28) Tauri
3h 49' 11.1
+24' 8' 12
390 5.05 B8V Blue
Main Sequence
Triangulum try ANG you lum The Triangle
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Mothallah
aka: Caput Trianguli
Alpha Trianguli
1h 53' 4.8
+29 34' 44
65 3.42 F6IV White
Sub Giant
Triangulum Australe tri ANG u lum os TRAL us The Southern Triangle
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Atria
"Alpha" + "Trianguli"
Alpha Trianguli Australus
16h 48' 39.9
-69 1' 40
420 1.91 K2II-III Orange
Bright Giant
Tucana two CAN ah The Parrot
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Zeta Tucanae 0h 20' 4.2
-64 52' 30
28 4.23 F9V White
Main Sequence
Ursa Major ER sa MAY jor Big Bear - Big Dipper
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Alpha A Ursae Majoris
Alpha B Ursae Majoris
Dubhe
Arabic: "bear"
DOO bee
Alpha C Ursae Majoris
11h 3' 43.6
+61 45' 3
124 2.02
4.95
K0II-III
A8V
Orange Giant
Blue White Main Seq.
The Big Dipper

To find the North Star,
imagine a line between
the two stars marking
the front of the cup
- Dubhe and Merak
(aka Alpha and Beta)
- continue that line up
about 5 times its length
points right to Polaris

This Constellation
is known as
The Government
in Chinese Mythology.

These 7 stars are
all of similar makeup
and relatively close to
each other - and to us
- likely a common origin.

To find the Ecliptic
(the orbital plane
of the Solar System),
the curve of the handle
of the Big Dipper "arcs" to
Arcturus (Alpha Bootis) -
continue the same arc to
Spica (Alpha Virginis)
- right on the Ecliptic -
with Blue Regulus
(Alpha Leonis)
to the west
and Red Antares
(Alpha Scorpii)
to the east.
11h 3' 22
+61 39' 16
160 7.14 F White
Dwarf
Merak
Arabic: "flank"
Beta Ursae Majoris
11h 1' 50.4
+56 22' 56
79 2.34 A1V Blue White
Main Sequence
Phecda
Arabic: "thigh"
Gamma Ursae Majoris
11h 53' 49.8
+53 41' 41
84 2.41 A0V Blue White
Main Sequence
Megrez
Arabic: "root of the tail"
Delta Ursae Majoris
12h 15' 25.5
+57 1' 57
81 3.32 A3V Blue White
Main Sequence
Alioth
Arabic: "bull"
Epsilon Ursae Majoris
12h 54' 1.7
+55 57' 35
62 1.76 A0 Blue White
Main Sequence
Mizar
Arabic: "groin"
Zeta Ursae Majoris
13h 23' 55.5
+54 55' 31
78 2.25 A2 V Blue White
Main Sequence
- Optical Double -

Arabs, Native Americans
used as test of eyesight
- aka: Horse and Rider -
Alcor
aka: Suha
Arabic: "overlooked"
80 Ursae Majoris
13h 25' 13.5
+54 59' 17
81 3.99 A5 V
Alkaid
or Benetnasch
both from the Arabic:
"chief of the mourners"
Eta Ursae Majoris
13h 47' 32.3
+49 18' 48
101 1.85 B3 V Blue Main Seq
Theta
Ursae Majoris
9h 32' 51.3
+51 40' 38
44 3.17 F6IV White
Sub Giant
26 Ursae Majoris 9h 34' 49.4
+52 3' 5
270 4.47 A2V Blue White
Main Sequence
Talitha
Arabic: "third leap"
Iota Ursae Majoris
8h 59' 12.4
+48 2' 30
48 3.12 A7 IV Blue White
Sub Giant
Third Leap
of the Gazelle
Kappa
Ursae Majoris
9h 3' 37.5
+47 9' 24
423 3.57 A1V(i+) Blue White
Main Sequence
Tania
Borealis
"northern second leap"
Lambda Ursae Majoris
10h 17' 5.7
+42 54' 52
134 3.45 A2IV Blue White
Sub Giant
Second Leap
of the Gazelle
Tania
Australis
"southern second leap"
Mu Ursae Majoris
10h 22' 19.7
+41 29' 58
250 3.06 M0III Red
Giant
Alula Borealis
"northern second leap"
Nu Ursae Majoris
11h 18' 28.7
+33 5' 39
420 3.49 K3III Orange
Giant
First Leap
of the Gazelle
Xi 1 Ursae Majoris
Alula Australis
"southern second leap"
Xi 2 Ursae Majoris
11h 18' 10.9
+31 31' 45
25.8 4.41
4.87
G0V
G0V
Yellow
Main Sequence
Binary
Muscida
Latin: "muzzle"
Omicron Ursae Majoris
8h 30' 15.8
+60 43' 5
184 3.35 G4II-III Yellow
Bright Giant
L21185
Ursae Majoris
11h 3' 20.2
+35 58' 13
8.3 7.49 M2V Red
Main Sequence
Ursa Minor ER sa MY nor Big Bear - Little Dipper
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.


. .
'. .`
Polaris
aka: The Lodestar
Stella Maris, Cynosure
and The Star of the Sea
The North Star
Alpha Ursae Minoris
2h 31' 50.5
+89 15' 51
430 1.97
9
F7 Ib-II
F3 V
White Supergiant
White Main Seq.
Closest to Pole in 2105
Cephid Variable (4 days)
- 49th Brightest star -
"The Engagement Ring"
ring of 7-8 mag stars
just south of Polaris
Kochab
Arabic derv.: "wood"
Beta Ursae Minoris
14h 50' 42.2
+74 9' 20
126 2.07 K4 III Orange
Giant
front top
of the cup of
The Little Dipper

Pherkad
Arabic: "two calves"
Gamma Ursae Minoris
15h 20' 43.6
+71 50' 2
480 3.0 A3 II-III Blue White
Bright Giant
front bottom
of the cup of
The Little Dipper

Unrelated Companion

11 Ursae Minoris 15h 17' 5.8
+71 49' 26
390 5.02 K4III Orange
Giant
Yildun
Turkish - "star"
Delta Ursae Minoris
17h 32' 12.5
+86 35' 11
183 4.35 A1 V Blue White
Main Sequence
adjacent to Polaris
in the handle of
The Little Dipper
Epsilon
Ursae Minoris
16h 45' 57.8
+82 2' 14
345 4.21 G5 III Yellow
Giant
in the handle of
The Little Dipper
adjacent to the cup

Zeta
Ursae Minoris
15h 44' 3.3
+77 47' 40
375 4.29 A3 V Blue White
Main Sequence
where the handle
meets the cup of
The Little Dipper
Theta
Ursae Minoris
15h 31' 24.7
+77 20' 57
830 5.0 K5III Orange
Giant
Eta
Ursae Minoris
16h 17' 30.2
+75 45' 19
97 4.95 F5V White
Main Sequence
- unrelated pair -
bottom of the cup
underneath the handle
of The Little Dipper
19 Ursae Minoris 16h 10' 49.3
+75 52' 39
670 5.48 B8V Blue
Main Sequence
Vela VAY lah The Sail
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.


Regor
"Roger" backwards
Gamma 1 Velorum
Gamma 2 Velorum
11h 1' 50.4
+56 22' 56
1400s 1.8 A1V Blue White
Main Sequence
- quintuple system -
one is a Wolf Rayet star
(very hot and very bright)
Virgo VIR go The Maiden
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.
Spica
Latin: "ear of wheat"
Alpha Virginis
13h 25' 11.5
-11 9' 41
260 0.98v B1III-IV
B2V
Binary of
Blue Giant and
Blue Main Seq
almost exactly
on the Ecliptic
Zavijava
Arabic: "angle"
Beta Virginis
11h 50' 41.6
+1 45' 53
36 3.59 F9 V White
Main Sequence
Porrima
named after the Roman
Goddess of Prophecy
Gamma 1 Virginis
Gamma 2 Virginis
12h 41' 39.5
-1 26' 58
39 2.8
3.55 + 3.6
F0V
F0V
White
Main Sequence
Binary
Close Orbital Binary
172 year cycle
Vindemiatrix
Latin: "grape gatherer"
Epsilon Virginis
13h 2' 10.5
+10 57' 33
102 2.85 G8 III Yellow
Giant
Zaniah
Arabic: "angle"
Eta Virginis
12h 19' 54.3
-0 40' 0
250 3.89 A2IV Blue White
Sub Giant
Syrma
Greek: "train of a dress"
Iota Virginis
14h 16' 0.8
-6 0' 2
70 4.07 F7V White
Main Sequence
61 Virginis 13h 18' 24.2
-18 18' 41
27.8 4.74 G6V Yellow
Main Sequence
Vulpecula vul PECK you la The Fox
Star Name Coords. Dist.(ly) Mag. Spect. Type of Star Features, etc.

The Coathanger
4 Vulpeculae
5 Vulpeculae
7 Vulpeculae
- plus many others -
19h 25' 28.5
+19 47' 55
240 5.14 K0III Orange Giant A straight line of stars
- plus 3 that form a hook -
on the border with Sagitta
(The Arrow), this Fox is
destined to be a stole.
19h 26' 13.1
+20 5' 52
220 5.60 A0V Blue White Main Seq.
19h 29' 20.8
+20 16' 47
760 6.34 B5V Blue Main Seq.